The second in a series of five units on the settlement of California by various cultural groups, "Newcomers From the South" examines the contributions made to California culture by Spanish and Mexican immigration in the 18th and 19th centuries. It covers the period of Spanish exploration, through the Mission and Rancho periods, up through the U.S. war with Mexico, through the eyes of one of the seminal figures in California history, Mariano Vallejo. You see history through the young Vallejo's eyes as he witnesses all of the major events that led to the Spanish, Mexican, and finally U.S. ascendance in California. Packed full of authentic reading opportunities, as well as cross-curricular activities, this unit allows students to make a personal connection to their history. Created by Jon Dowty, National Board Certified teacher with 12 years of experience.