Nixon & the End of the Vietnam War: Was there "Peace with Honor" DBQ/ Lesson

Nixon & the End of the Vietnam War: Was there "Peace with
Nixon & the End of the Vietnam War: Was there "Peace with
Nixon & the End of the Vietnam War: Was there "Peace with
Nixon & the End of the Vietnam War: Was there "Peace with
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End of the Vietnam War: Was there "Peace with Honor" DBQ/ Lesson

Students go through stations and answer questions. There are meany readings, videos to watch and things to research. This is very interactive

• How did the Vietnam War end?
• What were its lasting effects?
• Was there “Peace with Honor”?
• Overall, Is Nixon a hero?

Bell Ringer: What does “Peace with Honor” mean to you???



Background:
As Richard Nixon entered the White House in January 1969, students across the country continues to protest the war. And their words were starting to reach ordinary Americans, not just “long haired radicals.” In late 1969, antiwar protesters organized a series of peaceful demonstrations called “moratoriums.” On October 15, the mayor of New York City addressed a crowd of these protestors:

“We cannot (accept) the charge from Washington that this peaceful protest is unpatriotic. We heard that charge five years ago and three years ago… The fact is that this dissent is the highest form of patriotism. It is the peaceful American way to turn the nation away from a self defeating course”
- New York mayor John Lindsay, 1968



Why it matters:
As a presidential candidate, Richard Nixon promised “peace with honor” and an end to a war that had fractured American society. Nixon did indeed withdraw American troops, and the nation recovered from war, Americans reexamined the struggle against communism.


Essential question:
How did the Vietnam War end? What were its lasting effects? Was there “Peace with Honor”?
Was Nixon good or bad?

Document 1






Questions:
1. What is his overall message?
2. Do you believe it is achievable? How would you achieve it?


Document 2























Questions:
1. What did Americans and South Vietnamese want?
2. What did the North Vietnamese want?
3. What were the problems?
4. If you were Nixon, what would you do to achieve “Peace with Honor”?



Document 3:









Questions
1. Where will the peace treatments take place?


2. What were conditions results of peace? (Within 60 days)… What will US do…list as many as possible!!



3. What does he say to the people and government of South Vietnam?


4. What does he say to the Leaders of North Vietnam?


5. What does Nixon say to the “Other Major Powers” that have been involved?

6. What does Nixon say to the American people?


7. Why should America be proud?


8. What does Nixon say to those who died/suffered?


9. Overall- do you believe America has “Peace with Honor” based on Nixon’s speech”?


Document 4:




























Questions:
1. What was Vietnamization?
2. Look at the chart, what does it show?
3. Do you believe “Peace and Honor” was achieved?





Document 5
















1. Did Nixon achieve “Peace with Honor”? Support or Criticize



Document 6- Cambodia







Questions:
1. Why did Nixon and Kissinger bomb Cambodia? What did it make free?
2. About how many bombs were dropped?
3. What couldn’t people understand?
4. From 1969-1974 how many Cambodians died? What was the effect?
5. What were killing fields?
6. What is the “criminal act”?
7. Overall, do you believe there was “Peace with Honor”?


Document 7:
Violence Erupts at Kent State





















































Questions:

1. Did Nixon achieve “Peace with Honor”? Support or Criticize

Document 8
Pentagon Papers Undermine Public Trust













Questions:
1. Did Nixon achieve “Peace with Honor”? Support or Criticize



Document 9: The Fall of Saigon & War’s End


















Questions:
1. What was agreed at the Paris Peace Conference?
2. What happened in Saigon? Why?
3. Did Nixon achieve “Peace with Honor”? Support or Criticize

Document 10: The Lasting Impact























Questions:
1. What were some of the effects of the Vietnam War?
2. Did Nixon achieve “Peace with Honor”? Support or Criticize

Overall – Review and write a paper explaining the essential questions
• How did the Vietnam War end?
• What were its lasting effects?
• Was there “Peace with Honor”?
• Overall, Is Nixon a hero?







Station # 7: Vietnam Veterans Wall
• Using the sites below and reading “Faith Grace in Troops’ Final Words: Wartime deaths give meaning to each syllable in last letters”, students will research the formation and construction of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington D.C

• In their groups and on a separate piece of paper, students will then create their own memorial in the classroom by making and dedicating objects to the soldiers

Sites
• A Vietnam Veteran’s Memorial Wall: http://thewall-usa.com/index.html
 Site contains personal reflections about The Wall from a veteran’s perspective as well as other links to Wall sites

• Official Vietnam Veterans Memorial Site: http://www.vvmf.org/
 This site is helpful in getting history and information about The Wall

• Vietnam Veterans Memorial Around the World: http://www.nashville.k12.tn.us/CyberGuides/ThingsTheyCarried/teachertemplate.html
 This site provides information on The Wall, as well as memorials in individual states, and personal reflections by visitors to The Wall



Debate the Issue: What is America’s role in the world?
Should we help rebuild Afghanistan?


Background of the Issue:

At times throughout history the United States has tried to avoid getting involved in other countries’ affairs. At other times, it has played an active part in world affairs. Today, America is deeply involved around the world. But what should its role be?


















The Debate Issue: What is America’s role in the world?
Should we help rebuild Afghanistan?

Background:
In 2001, the United States invaded Afghanistan. It toppled the Taliban government and ended its support for terrorism. Since then, the United States gas helped to rebuild Afghanistan. Can intervention bring progress to a country?

Task:
Read both sides of the debate below, and answer the questions after reading.


























Questions:
1. Compare- What does the first quotation say about the results of intervention? What does the second quotation say?

2. Analyze- What kids of challenges might leaders from both countries face as they work to create a functioning democratic government?
3. Debate- Learn more about US actions in Afghanistan and prepare an argument supporting one side of the debate


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Nixon & the End of the Vietnam War: Was there "Peace with
Nixon & the End of the Vietnam War: Was there "Peace with
Nixon & the End of the Vietnam War: Was there "Peace with
Nixon & the End of the Vietnam War: Was there "Peace with