This short passage on penguins addresses the demands for standard R.I 3.1 -referring explicitly to the text for answers. All of the questions can be answered if the student refers back to the text. This is a great way to assess on this non-fiction informational standard.
I created this for 3rd graders at the beginning of the year. The passage is short enough to assess the standard, yet not overwhelming, and it's only one page if you are trying to use copies wisely! This can also be displayed on the Smartboard/document camera.