A great READING resource with QUESTIONS and ANSWER KEY included! It focuses on the topic of Nullification Crisis.
Included are 1 page reading, 1 page question sheet and 1 page answer key! Perfect for homework assignments, classwork or reading for test review! Can be used for both middle and high school level.
The reading first breaks down the meaning of Nullification Crisis by defining the word nullify and crisis. It puts both words into the context of how South Carolina nullified the Tariff of 1828. There is a section explaining how the Tariff of 1828 led to the Nullification Crisis. For instance, the legislation placed higher tariffs on imported foreign goods to protect American manufacturing industry from competition with cheaper British goods. This caused a backlash in the South as this tariff primarily served the interests of the North and generated revenue for the federal government. There is also a visual time frame that shows when the Nullification Crisis occurred and identifies the related presidencies involved. Next, there is a reading section focused on the reasons why the South was upset with the Tariff of 1828. This includes paying higher tariffs on imported goods, the detrimental effects of tariff on cotton industry and the forced support to buy manufactured goods produced from the North.
Other reading sections focuses on sectional tensions in regards to states' rights versus federal supremacy, nullification theory and secession. For instance, it explains how Vice President John C. Calhoun introduces the nullification theory in which states should have the right to nullify federal laws if it did not serve the interests of the state. He justified it by stating federal powers were derived from states' rights, and therefore should have state approval. On the other hand, the reading will also explain how opposition to the nullification theory includes President Andrew Jackson and former President John Quincy Adams. Both rejected the nullification theory as it threatens the stability of the nation. If states had the power to nullify federal laws, then states would have the power to secede from the Union. The reading also addresses the attempted compromise between South Carolina and President Andrew Jackson. This involves lower tariffs, suggestions of repealing the Tariff of 1828, the action of passing the Force Bill and attempting to take military action. In the end, the reading highlights how sectional tensions will continue to divide the nation and lead the country into a Civil War.
Some vocabulary words and key terms that are included in this reading are nullify, South Carolina, Tariff of 1828, legislation, tariffs, crisis, Tariff of Abominations, secede, import, export, detrimental, cotton industry, John C. Calhoun, South Carolina, repeal, nullification theory, unconstitutional, states' rights, Andrew Jackson, John Quincy Adams, sectional tensions, supremacy, Supreme Court, compromise, Force Bill, treason and Congress.
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