Multiplication and Division
This is my alternative to traditional timed fact practice that helps build conceptual knowledge of composition and decomposition of numbers.
I was having great success getting my 4th grade students developing their understanding of numbers and how they can be broken down into their components by using number bonds. Unfortunately this skill was not transferring when we went to solve larger computation problems. The facts just weren’t fluid enough. Instead they were reverting back to counting their fingers. To help them develop fluency with their facts, while maintaining strong number sense, I created this set of number bond fact practice.
Students are timed for one minute (you may wish to adjust this time for your students), much like traditional fact timing programs, but are still required to think about numbers as components of each other. Using this method, students never see arithmetic as memorized facts but instead as sets of interconnected quantities.
The sets are lettered "A" through "U" and include facts from products of 0s through 10s. Sets alternate between single factor products (for example: all factors times 3s) and compilations of previous sets (for example: all factors times 0s through 5s). I found that this helped students retain the previous sets’ products. Each set also has a practice version and a timing version, designed to be copied front to back. I have students work with partners to practice the facts in each set first before we turn the paper over to do the timing together. Each set is also designed to be cut in half; identical on the top and bottom halves. I've also included a blank set if you wish to make your own set of facts for your students.
You may also be interested in my smaller sums addition/subtraction practice sets which will be up soon and my larger sums addition/subtraction practice sets available now in my store on TeachersPayTeachers as well.