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# Number Sense and Structuring Game: "4 in a Row" Adding on 10, 11, 9

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1. For teachers using math workshop, guided math, math centers, or are looking to find other ways to differentiate instruction, quality instructional activities are essential--and composing and decomposing numbers is an essential skill! One thing I have been asked for repeatedly is bundles of games..
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### Description

The deep understanding of how to partition and combine numbers is a

key factor in students’ development of number sense. Being able to “add 10” is critical—and also using that information to also “add 11” (add ten plus one more) and “add 9” (add ten and take one away) help build number understanding that can lead to increased fluency and place value understanding. This game provides students with practice on all of these—adding 10, 11, and 9.

Welcome to “Dollar Deals”! These resources are no frills, ready to use stations, centers, lessons, and activities. Each is only a dollar because there are no “frills” or extras. Hope you find them useful!

For this game, a pair of students plays with one game board. Laminate the board and use counters of some sort—or use a photocopy and mark directly on the page with markers or crayons. Players take turns rolling one die and then “adding 10” (or 11 or 9!) and finding a spot to cover. The goal? 4 in a row! They need to be strategic with where they choose their spot—and as the game goes on, they may lose a turn if the number they need is no longer available. Game boards come in both black and white and color versions.

This game is PERFECT to use with intervention groups or individual students who do not yet add 9, 10, or 11 fluently. It can also be available for math workshop or stations for students to build fluency. Helping students “see” this is so important. Consider using base 10 blocks, linking cubes, bead racks, or other “hands on” manipulatives where students can really see how adding 10 impacts the tens place…and adding 11 impacts both the tens and the ones. Adding 9 is tricky for some students…showing them how adding 10 and then “snapping off” a cube to show the “one less”. Using bare numbers (no visual model or manipulatives) should really only happen after students have used these hands on materials to build their understanding. Too often we ask students to “memorize” their facts before they understand the structuring concepts involved! Use this game to TEACH, then let students continue to play it to practice fluency! Perfect for interventions for intermediate grades and equally ideal for all students in grades 1 and 2.

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Looking for a bundle of this and other structuring games?

4 Structuring Game Bundle!

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### Standards

to see state-specific standards (only available in the US).
Explain why addition and subtraction strategies work, using place value and the properties of operations.
Add up to four two-digit numbers using strategies based on place value and properties of operations.
Fluently add and subtract within 100 using strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction.
Given a two-digit number, mentally find 10 more or 10 less than the number, without having to count; explain the reasoning used.
Add within 100, including adding a two-digit number and a one-digit number, and adding a two-digit number and a multiple of 10, using concrete models or drawings and strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction; relate the strategy to a written method and explain the reasoning used. Understand that in adding two-digit numbers, one adds tens and tens, ones and ones; and sometimes it is necessary to compose a ten.