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Fractions are pretty difficult to grasp and I try to use as much interaction and visual assistance as possible to help my students. I actually LOVE teaching fractions. I had rubbish maths teachers and didn’t grasp fractions at all at school. I make sure the children I tutor are really, really good at fractions.
I picked this method up from one of the children I tutor and I have adapted it with a drawing for you to use in your class. ANYTHING that helps is worth using, right?!
The trick with this method is to act out the words “numerator” and “denominator”. I reach upwards with my hands when I do numerator and say it in a really silly, squeaky voice. The children copy me and really get involved. When we do denominator, we reach down the floor and shout “DENOMINATOR!” We make sure the denominator is really dominant. It takes a few tries, some children struggle with the pronunciation of the words also. I just keep doing it again and again and when they get stuck, I remind them by reaching up or down and it triggers their memory.
Use these sheets as a full size A4 page (or poster) or the smaller version for workbooks or desk copies. Encourage the students to repeat the steps above as they color in their pictures. Point out the line separating the numerator from the denominator and emphasise that the numerator is all light and fluffy with the squeaky voice and how the numerator is the tough bottom of the fraction.
Hope it helps!!