PDF (Acrobat) Document File
Be sure that you have an application to open this file type before downloading and/or purchasing.
A great READING resource with QUESTIONS and ANSWER KEY included! It focuses on the topic of Panama Canal.
Included are 1 page reading, 1 page question sheet and 1 page answer key! Perfect for homework assignments, classwork or reading for test review! Can be used for both middle and high school level.
The reading provides students an overview of why the United States was interested in constructing a canal in Panama. It raises the question whether the United States was sympathetic to the revolutionary causes of Panama or motivated by economic and political reasons. This involves breaking down the economic and political motivations such as easy access and trade to the South Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean territories. It also opens up the discussion about imperialism and how the United States was interested in expanding its sphere of influence over the Western Hemisphere before Europe does. Students will then read about the ongoing tensions between the United States and Latin America and how the United States’ desire for Panama Canal only worsen it. The reading makes a minor reference to the Cuban Revolution in which the United States reassured Cuba it would not retain political control (Teller Amendment) but breaks their agreement by pressuring Cuba from making trade agreements with other countries (Platt Amendment). This provides students a historical context of Latin American resistance to United States’ presence.
Most importantly, the reading will delve deeper on how the United States struggled to buy their rights to construct and own the canal from the Colombian government. Due to a $40 million disagreement on ownership rights, the United States supported Panama’s independence from Colombia. This strategic move will help students understand what the United States gained through that partnership after a successful revolution. For instance, the United States bought their rights and access to the canal at a fraction of the price for $10 million through the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty of 1903. The next section of the reading shift towards to the construction challenges of the Panama Canal. This includes mentioning deadly diseases such as malaria and the yellow fever that led to the death of about five thousand men. Overall, the reading continues to echo the theme of imperialism as it relates the Panama Canal to the Suez Canal. Both were similar in which the British constructed the Suez Canal in Egypt to connect its territories in Asia and Europe to facilitate trading and political influence. It ends on the note of United States’ growing presence as a world power as it rivals European control for economic, military and political dominance.
Some vocabulary words and key terms included are Panama Canal, isthmus, President Theodore Roosevelt, Spanish-American War, Cuban Revolution, Teller Amendment, Platt Amendment, Guantanamo Bay, Latin America, sovereignty, Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty, imperialism, yellow-fever, malaria, Dr. William Gorgas, tariffs, Suez Canal, Pacific Ocean and Atlantic Ocean.
If you like this reading, you may enjoy the below products! Click on the below readings and it will redirect you to the page. Thanks for the support! Leave a feedback and rating below to earn TpT credit to save money on your next purchase! :)