Paper Golf naturally engages students in the problem solving process. They are given multiple opportunities to solve problems and conduct fun investigations to create and solve equations. This game helps students internalize a model to help deepen their understanding of integers and provides meaning to how integers are used in real-life application.
Reasoning and Proving
Through the format of a group game, students consistently need to prove their score and call upon their previous understanding of positive and negative integers: “If I add something cold to something a little warmer, shouldn’t the overall temperature go down? Shouldn’t the same rule apply here?”
Selecting Tools and Computational Strategies
With immediate access to the “Big Bubba Integer Line”, students have a concrete, visual learning tool. They are also given templates throughout the booklet to assist in their computations, if needed. The “Big Bubba Integer Line” is purposefully limited in numbers to allow students the opportunity to develop new mental strategies or concrete models (ie. open number line) to assist their computations. The “double” number line on each page provides a model to help understand how scoring is done in golf.
This game is an opportunity for teachers to make connections in a meaningful way. Understanding addition of integers can help student makes sense of further concepts such as subtraction, multiplication, division of integers and even linear relationships and algebra.
This game is designed to provide opportunities for cross strand and cross curricular learning. Further possible connections include:
Geometry, Measurement and Probability:
Using the designed layout of each golf hole, students can estimate and calculate the areas of regular and irregular shapes.
Calculate probabilities of success on each hole based on calculations of total area.
Use spatial reasoning to observe and predict where your shot will land when looking away.
This game can also help students understand the game of golf which can be practiced through physical education classes.
Extend or create your own golf course to 18 holes and have students investigate and design their holes.
Communicating and Representing
In Paper Golf, every student is communicating mathematical thinking in a variety of ways. They are communicating orally (working in groups or pairs), visually (drawings, counting strategies), and through writing (recording scores).
Students are encouraged to represent their understanding of integers and counting strategies (ie. Tally marks, number line, integer tiles).