Info sheet for parents about fluency and comprehension.
What can I do to help my child succeed in reading?
What is Oral Reading Fluency, and why is it important?
Oral Reading Fluency (ORF) is the rate/speed your child can read a passage. Typically ORF is recoded as words per minute. Reading fluently is the ability to read a passage in phrases (not word by word) Reading fluently helps students to comprehend what they are reading.
What can I do to help my child read more fluently?
*Listen to your child read!
*Read with your child!
*Read to your child! Have them repeat you and point to the words.
Practice sight words with your child. When your child is able to read his/her sight words easily, they build their reading confidence. Confidence is critical to help your child become a good reader.
Read and Re-read simple stories or passages with your child. This is referred to as repeated reading. Students read the same passages multiple (3-4+ times). Graph or record the number of words read in a minute (or 2 min.). The student should see growth and a quicker reading rate with each reading. *Research states repeated readings is the most effective method to improve reading fluency with most students.
How can I improve my child’s reading comprehension?
Ask your child questions before reading, during reading and after reading.
Here are some great questions you can use with a variety of books:
Have your child choose books with topics that they are interested in reading.
Have a variety of books available to your child or visit the public library often.
Based on research: Morris, D. (2008). Diagnosis and correction of reading problems. New York, NY: Guilford Press.