Paul Cézanne ~ Art History Presentation + MC Quiz ~ 167 Slides
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This is a complete presentation on Art History & Paul Cézanne, which is highly visual and thoroughly annotated. My preview is 16 of the slides in the presentation for you to download. This will give you the best idea of what the product is like. There are also 4 pop up thumbnails which go with this listing and the below text excerpts.
Additionally, there is a 20 question multiple choice quiz with answer key.
Paul Cézanne 1839 – 1906, was a French Post-Impressionist painter. His art became the foundation from which modern art was built in the 20th Century. He used repetitive, exploratory, small brushstrokes and planes of color. He built up complex paintings in layers. He minutely studied his subjects and repeated using the same subjects rather than seeking new subjects. He was constantly interested in pushing the boundaries of painting, not in finding new scenery to paint.
Geometric shapes became more and more important to him as the years went on. Matisse and Picasso acknowledged their debt to him as they used his discoveries in inventing their Fauvism and Cubism. They would say, “Cézanne is the father of us all.”
Paul Cézanne grew up in a prosperous family. His father was a banker. For awhile he and his father were at cross purposes. The son only wanted to paint but the father thought that could not be a career. For awhile the son attended Law School at the father’s insistence but after awhile dropped out because he still wanted to paint. They were estranged for awhile and then reconciled.
While Paul Cézanne was struggling as an artist, his father died. He received a very large inheritance as a result. Paul had not changed in the least though. All he wanted to do was paint and the money made that possible. So that’s what he did until the day he died in 1906 at age 67. The money did make a few distasteful things easy for Paul to avoid, however. He had been savaged by the critics when he exhibited. Now he no longer had to bother with exhibiting his work or put up with the critics. He could retire to the countryside and just keep painting. Posthumous exhibition at the Salon d’Automne in 1907 in Paris established Cézanne’s artistic legacy.
In short, he had a great talent, coupled with a tremendous drive to use that talent and did not have to worry about money. It resulted in his creating an enormous body of work that has been collected by every museum and private collector who can afford to buy it. His work goes for the top prices at auction. A critic hasn’t said anything negative about him in at least a century.
Some artists have limitations in what they can do. For example, they can only do landscapes but can’t paint people or vice versa. Cézanne did not have this problem. He could paint landscapes, portraits, self portraits and still lifes, all equally well. If it was in front of him, he could paint it.
He even painted himself quite frequently with self portraits. He had zero vanity when painting himself as he was interested in creating a great painting, not in making himself look better. He also painted nudes but his interest there was in ultimately creating a modern nude. So his journey with nude paintings is very different from other artists’.
Cézanne received art academic training at the Free Municipal School of Drawing in Aix. While at Law School at the University of Aix, he also took drawing lessons there. When he dropped out of Law School, he went to Paris.
He met up with Camille Pissarro there and Pissarro became his teacher for awhile. As they achieved a more equal footing as painters, they kept on painting together but more as equals. They took painting trips together which lasted for about a decade. They are pictured right on such a trip. Pissarro is the grey one and Cézanne is the dark one. (Very full facial hair was in style at the time.) The next slide shows one of Pissarro & Cézanne’s familiar painting haunts, Louveciennes, as painted by Pissarro.
Paul’s relationship with his wife, Hortense, was quite stormy. They were an early example of “living together” without being married. They did eventually marry because of son Paul Alexis.
Paul only became more and more of a loner as he was so absorbed in his painting, which did not help their marriage. Paul was a Catholic so there was no talk of divorce. They separated several times until a final separation which lasted until his death. They remained estranged until he died.
The end result was that Paul Cézanne left all of his estate to his son upon his death and nothing to Hortense. This also gave Paul Alexis sole control over his father’s body of art work.
Despite all of this, Paul used Hortense frequently as a model.
Cézanne got diabetes in 1890 which made his personality less stable and increased his loner tendencies. His relationships with people were up and down when he saw them. His painting continued unabated.
Critics often said Cézanne had an eye disease. Diabetes can cause vision problems. In particular they thought of his use of simultaneous perspectives as being an eye disease. None of this has been substantiated with proof.