This Common Core-based,higher-level thinking activity has students debating whether the mother penguin makes the best decision when leaving her baby chick for a long time to obtain food for the family. Is there a better solution to this? If so, what? Students will work in small groups and use the text and logic to support their answers. The use of diagrams and maps are encouraged to provide evidence for their answers. A culminating activity in which the students invent a product that will keep the baby chick warm concludes the SmartBoard lesson. Includes a rubric for scoring the project.