This is a bundle of two graphic organizers I created for use with the Zinn Education Project activity entitled "The People vs. Columbus, et al."
This does NOT include the activity, but the activity can be found for free (and in English or Spanish) at this link: https://zinnedproject.org/materials/people-vs-columbus/
The graphic organizers were made as I adapted the lesson for my middle school age group, who needed more assistance in order to craft their "defenses." I also removed some of the more salacious details from the Zinn Ed information pages, which I recommend reviewing before distributing.
One graphic organizer is for the defendants, and one is for the jurors. I started by explaining the activity to the students. I then divided them into groups, including a "jury" of three students. The other students began reading their "case documents" (available on the Zinn Education link above). I informed the jury that they could review case materials as well as eavesdrop on the "defendants." They wrote down questions they had for each defendant on their graphic organizer. The defendants used their graphic organizers to keep track of accusations against them, as well as to remind them of conversation starters about guilt that I called "blame shifting." This blame shifting gets them to think critically, and also makes for a more interesting and thought-provoking interrogation. Following this preparation, the jury holds court where they interrogate each defendant. Following the advice of the Zinn Education Project, this lesson took two 50-minute class periods.