Phonological Awareness Plus - Oral Language Activities + Phonics

Phonological Awareness Plus - Oral Language Activities + Phonics
Phonological Awareness Plus - Oral Language Activities + Phonics
Phonological Awareness Plus - Oral Language Activities + Phonics
Phonological Awareness Plus - Oral Language Activities + Phonics
Phonological Awareness Plus - Oral Language Activities + Phonics
Phonological Awareness Plus - Oral Language Activities + Phonics
Phonological Awareness Plus - Oral Language Activities + Phonics
Phonological Awareness Plus - Oral Language Activities + Phonics
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Phonological Awareness Plus – Oral Language Activities + Phonics

Introduction

Phonological Awareness Plus – Oral Language Activities + Phonics includes activities designed to be used orally by teachers with students to practice, reinforce, and assess phonological awareness skills that students use in kindergarten, grade 1, and beyond. Optional phonics activities of letter identification, letter-to-sound correspondence, and sound-to-letter correspondence are also included to practice, reinforce, and assess these phonics skills.

What Are Phonological Awareness and Phonics?

Phonological awareness involves the ability of students to work with components of sound such as syllables, onsets and rimes, and phonemes. Phonemes are the smallest component of sound. Phonemic awareness is the ability to hear and manipulate the individual sounds found in words. This skill is needed to learn sound-to-letter correspondence. Words are made up of sounds that can be represented by letters. This all works together to help students identify words, spell words, read text, and comprehend text.

Phonics is the relationship between written letters and the sounds for these written letters. Phonics instruction helps students learn the names for written letters, the sounds for written letters, and the letters that can be written for different sounds in words.

Phonological Awareness Activities

Phonological Awareness Plus – Oral Language Activities + Phonics is made up of sixty activities for each of eighteen specific phonological awareness skills. Some skills can be mastered by students in kindergarten while others may not be able to be mastered until students are in first grade.

Each phonological awareness skill has sixty activity sets with four to eight separate tasks in each set. The phonological awareness skills and activities in this product are divided into five sections. Sections 1, 2, and 3 are appropriate for students in kindergarten. Sections 4 and 5 are appropriate for students in grade 1. Each section has twelve weeks of activities. There is one set of activities for each day of the school week for the skills included in that section. One activity sheet is designed to be used each day. Refer to the chart below to see how the skills are divided among the sections over the course of sixty weeks. Two of the skills (11 and 12) are cycled through several sections (3 and 4). The second cycle of these skills is more challenging.

Phonics Activities

Phonological Awareness Plus – Oral Language Activities + Phonics also includes optional letter identification, letter-to-sound, and sound-to-letter phonics activities as well as activities with sound boxes to identify letter-to-sound and sound-to-letter to help with reading and spelling words. Sections 1 and 2 include the optional letter identification, letter-to-sound, and sound-to-letter phonics activities. Sections 3, 4, and 5 include the optional phonics activities with sound boxes. Sections 4 and 5 include optional phonics activities of making, reading, and spelling words using magnetic letters or letter tiles. A sheet listing consonant blends or digraphs is included in the Appendix for use with the phonics activities in these two sections.

Each phonics skill has sixty activity sets with four or more separate tasks in each set. The phonics skills and activities are divided into five sections. Sections 1, 2, and 3 are appropriate for students in kindergarten. Sections 4 and 5 are appropriate for students in grade 1. Each section has twelve weeks of activities. There is one set of activities for each day of the school week for the skills included in that section. The set of activities is included on the same sheet as the phonological awareness activities. One activity sheet is designed to be used each day. Refer to the chart below to see how the skills are divided among the sections over the course of sixty weeks.

Sections and Activity Sets - Phonological Awareness Skills / Phonics Skills

Part 1:

Section 1:

Phonological Awareness Skills – Activity Sets

1. Counting words in a sentence
2. Recognizing if words are the same or different
3. Recognizing rhyming words
4. Making rhyming words

Phonics Skills – Activity Sets

1. Letter identification
2. Letter-to-sound identification
3. Sound-to-letter identification


Section 2:

Phonological Awareness Skills – Activity Sets

5. Recognizing words that begin with the same sound
6. Blending syllables
7. Segmenting syllables
8. Deleting syllables

Phonics Skills – Activity Sets

1. Letter identification
2. Letter-to-sound identification
3. Sound-to-letter identification


Section 3:

Phonological Awareness Skills – Activity Sets

9. Isolating phonemes – first sound
10. Blending onset and rime
11. Blending phonemes –whole words (2, 3 sounds)
12. Segmenting phonemes (2, 3 sounds)

Phonics Skills – Activity Sets

2. Letter-to-sound identification
3. Sound-to-letter identification
4. Using sound boxes to identify letter-to-sound (to read)
5. Using sound boxes to identify sound-to-letter (to spell)


Part 2:

Section 4:

Phonological Awareness Skills – Activity Sets

13. Isolating phonemes – ending sound
14. Isolating phonemes – middle sound
11. Blending phonemes –whole words (3, 4, 5 sounds)
12. Segmenting phonemes (3, 4, 5 sounds)

Phonics Skills – Activity Sets

4. Using sound boxes to identify letter-to-sound (to read)
5. Using sound boxes to identify sound-to-letter (to spell)
6. Using letters to make and read words – up to 5 sounds
7. Using letters to spell words – up to 5 sounds



Section 5:
Phonological Awareness Skills – Activity Sets

15. Adding phonemes
16. Deleting phonemes - first sound
17. Deleting phonemes – ending sound
18. Substituting phonemes

Phonics Skills – Activity Sets

4. Using sound boxes to identify letter-to-sound (to read)
5. Using sound boxes to identify sound-to-letter (to spell)
6. Using letters to make and read words – up to 5 sounds 7. Using letters to spell words – up to 5 sounds


Explanation of Skills Activity Sets

Phonological Awareness Skills Activity Sets

Each phonological awareness skill has sixty activity sets with four to eight separate tasks in each set. One activity sheet is designed to be used each day. Each phonological awareness activity set box tells the section number (Ex: S 1), the number of the phonological awareness skill (Ex: PAS 1), the specific skill (Ex: Counting words in a sentence), and the activity set number (Ex: 1).

Directions of what the teacher is to say to the students are included. There is at least one example that can be used to model the way the activity is to be conducted. The teacher may provide additional examples if necessary. Make sure the students understand what to do. Eight or ten tasks are presented with the answers included in parenthesis, if applicable. The bottom of each activity set box also provides suggestions as to how the students may answer the tasks. For example, the students may show a ‘thumbs up’ for a yes answer or ‘thumbs down’ for a no answer.

Phonics Skills Activity Sets

Each phonics skill has sixty activity sets with four or more separate tasks in each set. Each phonics activity set box tells the section number (Ex: S 1), the number of the phonics skill (Ex: PhS 1), the specific skill (Ex: Letter identification), and the activity set number (Ex: 1).

A Materials and Directions section is included to let the teacher know what materials to use for each activity and how to use the materials. Directions of what the teacher is to say to the students are also included. There is at least one example that can be used to model the way the activity is to be conducted. The teacher may provide additional examples if necessary. Make sure the students understand what to do. Four or more tasks are presented with the answers included in parenthesis, if applicable. The bottom of each activity set box also provides suggestions as to how the students may answer the tasks. For example, the students may answer by saying the name of the letter.

Students will use sets of numbered individual letter tiles in sets, sets of letter cards with groups of letters, magnetic letters, sight word cards, and blank bingo cards with 9, 16, and 25 blanks for letters to practice phonics skills. The directions for the use of these materials are included in each phonics activity.
If a student or group of students is doing well with a set of phonological awareness or phonics skills, the teacher may decide to move on to the next set of skills. The activity sets not covered may be used to review the skill later, used as assessment, or not used at all.

Assessment

Students can be formally assessed for the phonological awareness skills and the phonics skills included in this product at least three times during a school year. A beginning-of-the-year (BOY), middle-of-the-year (MOY), and end-of-the-year (EOY) assessment is included with this product in the Appendix. These assessments can be used to show where a student starts, any progress, and where a student ends the school year. You may also choose to use the same assessment each time you assess: BOY, MOY, and EOY. A single assessment is included in the Appendix if you choose this option. The assessments can be used in Kindergarten and Grade 1. Skills 1 – 12 are for students in Kindergarten. Skills 13 – 18 are for students in Grade 1. However, depending on the skill level of your students, the assessment tests can be used for students in either grade level.

Charts are included in the Appendix to help keep track of BOY, MOY, and EOY assessment results for the phonological awareness skills and the phonics skills.

Skills Tracking Charts

Tracking charts are provided to help teachers keep track of how an individual student, a group of students, or a whole class of students is performing with the phonological awareness and phonics activities. These are available in the Appendix.

Ways of Answering

To help keep students interested and involved in the activities, a variety of ways the tasks can be answered is provided. Examples include just orally say the answer, hold a ‘thumbs up’ or ‘thumbs down’ to show yes or no, use a ‘thumbs up’ or ‘thumbs down’ sign, hold up a ‘yes’ or ‘no’ card, write ‘yes’ or ‘no’ on a marker board, etc.

Sound Boxes

Sound boxes are included in the Appendix to help students push the number of words in a sentence, the number of syllables in a word, onset and rimes in a word, and the number of sounds in a word. Students can push their pointer finger or push counters into each sound box to help determine the number of words, syllables, or sounds. The sound boxes are also used in the phonics activities to help students determine the sounds in a word and the letters that make those sounds.

Lesson Plan Sheet Template

A Lesson Plan sheet template is included to help plan skill activities for a variety of student groups or for individual student instruction. This lesson plan sheet allows teaches to differentiate instruction based on the needs of students.

Appendix

The Appendix includes BOY/MOY/EOY Phonological Awareness Skills Tests and Phonics Skills Tests with tracking charts, Phonological Awareness Skills Activity and Phonics Skills Activity Tracking Charts for individual students and whole class, Ways of Answering Cards, Sound Boxes, a Lesson Plan Sheet template, individual letter tiles in sets, sets of letter cards with groups of letters, a lowercase letter sheet with all 26 letters on one sheet, an uppercase letter sheet with all 26 letters on one sheet, a sheet with 26 lowercase and uppercase letters with pictures to show sounds of the letters, kindergarten sight word cards, blank bingo cards with 9, 16, and 25 blanks for letters, and a Consonant Blends and Digraphs Chart.
Total Pages
423 pages
Answer Key
Included
Teaching Duration
1 Year
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