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# Physical Science: Unit 1 Scientific Method, Matter, and Metrics

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Unit Title: Matter, Metrics, and the Scientific Method

Course/Grade Level: 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th

Includes:
9- PowerPoint Presentations (pptx)
21- Lab Activities/ Worksheets (pdf)
4- Unit Tests (CP and Pre-AP) with Answer Keys (pdf and docx)
1- Unit Test Review (with QR Codes)
1- Unit Project (Tic-Tac-Toe Project)

Matter, Metrics, and the Scientific Method Examview Tests

Subject/Topic Areas: Lab Equipment, theory and law, Accuracy- Precision, Lab Safety, Scientific Method, Metric conversions, graphing, Scientific notation and Significant figures, Physical and chemical changes and properties, density, phase changes, gas laws, and classification

Brief Summary of Unit

Enduring Understanding:
Students will understand that:
• There are four phases of matter
• The phases of matter are directly correlated to the motion of
molecules.
• Precision is the exactness of a measurement. Accuracy is
how close a measurement is to the true value.
• The behavior of gases is related to temperature, pressure,
and volume (Kinetic Energy)
• Density can be calculated by using mass and volume
• Energy is neither created nor destroyed
• The metric system is a universal system of measurements
• Safety procedures must be followed
• There are logical steps to solving problems ( scientific
method)
• Theories explain why something happens and laws describe
how something works.
• There are different means for separating matter; elements are
the simplest structure, mixtures are not chemically
combined, compounds are 2 or more elements chemically
bonded.
• Physical change changes the physical properties but does
not change the substance. Whereas, a chemical change
forms an entirely new substance with new properties.

Essential Questions:
• How are common metric prefixes used to convert
measurements?
• How are length, volume, and mass measured in the lab?
• How is a graph used to illustrate data?
• Why is safety in the lab important?
• What are the characteristics of the four phases of matter?
• How does temperature and kinetic energy relate to the four
phases of matter?
• How does temperature, pressure, and volume of gases relate
to the behavior of gases?
• How do you derive density?
• What is the law of conservation of energy?

Learning Goals

Students will know: (Knowledge)
• The ratio between mass and volume determine density.
• The metric prefixes used in SI indicate multiples of 10.
• The kinetic theory of matter explains pressure, viscosity,
buoyancy, and various states of matter.
• The scientific method is a logical process for solve problems.
• Physical and chemical changes depend upon physical and
chemical properties.
• Mixtures are composed of elements and compounds.

Students will be able to do: (Skills)
• Use lab equipment with precision and accuracy
• Use density calculations to apply mathematical skills
• Collect , record, and graph data
• Classify examples of matter based on observations.
• Perform experiments in a safe and responsible manner

Learning Activities:

• Collaborative groups
• Distributed practice (Density and metric problems)
• Discovery or Inquiry learning (Constant and Variables)
• Experiment
• Peer Reviewed Lab Write Up
• Compare and Contrast (Accuracy-Precision, theory-law)
• Anticipation activity (graphic organizer)
• Vocabulary
• Creating and reading graphs (Gum Lab, Skittles Lab)

Differentiation

• Pair students; students with high ability, low ability, and
other.
• Extended time on tests or assignments
• Enhanced learning material

Chapter 1
Science, technology, law, theory, critical thinking, scientific methods, variable, length, mass, volume, weight, scientific notation, precision, significant figures, accuracy.

Relevant Unit Vocabulary
Chapter 2
Matter, element, atom, molecule, compound, pure substance, mixture, melting point, boiling point, density, reactivity, physical change, chemical change.

Chapter 3
Fluid, plasma, energy, temperature, thermal energy, evaporation, sublimation, condensation, pressure, Pascal, buoyant force, viscosity, gas law.

Total Pages
196
Included
Teaching Duration
2 Weeks

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