The Pictorialists were a group of photographers in the early 20th-century who advocated for photography to be seen as equal to all other fine arts.
This lesson will introduce students to Pictorial photographers while guiding them through higher level thinking. A great way to lead students through image analysis with a graphic organizer to teach students the steps of describing, analyzing, interpreting, and judging images.
NOT JUST FOR ART TEACHERS! Use this lesson to incorporate art history, visuals, and image analysis into your curriculum.
Students will learn about the Pictorialism movement in art history, view photographs from the period and read about different photo manipulation processes, and observe and respond to visual images — an excellent way to align your classroom to the National Core Arts and Common Core State Standards.
—A brief history of Pictorialism.
—Images and descriptions of photographs from Alfred Stieglitz, Edward Steichen, Clarence H. White, and Gertrude Käsebier.
—A description of the principle of art: contrast.
—A graphic organizer to help students develop visual literacy. Students will describe, analyze, interpret, and judge images from the lesson.
—Links for additional resources.
Combine this lesson with “Element of Art: Value” and “Dorothea Lange and Migrant Mother” to create an art unit that covers the four art processes: Creating, Presenting, Responding, and Connecting.
NATIONAL CORE ARTS STANDARDS: Visual Arts Responding
#VA:Re7.1 Anchor Standard: Perceive and analyze artistic work.
#VA:Re8.1 Anchor Standard: Interpret intent and meaning in artistic work.
#VA:Re9.1 Anchor Standard: Apply criteria to evaluate artistic work.
COMMON CORE STATE STANDARDS: College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.1: Read closely and make logical inferences.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.7: Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse media and formats.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.W.1: Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts.
Questions are written at a high school 9-10th grade proficient level but could be differentiated to fit other levels.