This simple handout selects the best representations of the two philosophers - The Allegory of the Cave of Plato and the Categories of Aristotle - and juxtaposes them, communicating to students the essential themes of each thinker. On the one hand you have Plato, the mystic, concerned with the transcendental world of the Forms; and on the other you have Aristotle, the scientist, concerned with the material, focused on understanding this world in all its complexities.
Combined with class discussion, this handout represents a complete class period. Briefly and satisfactorily teaches students the two historical schools of philosophy. Appropriate for students of all ages. Makes a great addition to a European history, English, ancient history, or philosophy course.