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Political and Economic Development of Latin America Study Guide

Political and Economic Development of Latin America Study Guide
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This study guide contains essential questions, "I Can" statements, and vocabulary terms that the students need to know in order to be successful learning the following standards:

Government/Civics Understandings

SS6CG2 The student will explain the structures of national governments in Latin America and
the Caribbean.
a. Compare the federal-republican systems of the Federative Republic of Brazil (Brazil) and the United Mexican States (Mexico) to the dictatorship of the Republic of Cuba (Cuba), distinguishing the form of leadership and the role of the citizen in terms of voting and personal freedoms.

c. Compare and contrast the basic types of economic systems found in Canada, Cuba, and Brazil.
SS6E2 The student will give examples of how voluntary trade benefits buyers and sellers in Latin America and the Caribbean and Canada.

a. Explain how specialization encourages trade between countries.
b. Compare and contrast different types of trade barriers, such as tariffs, quotas, and embargos.
c. Explain the functions of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
d. Explain why international trade requires a system for exchanging currencies between nations.

SS6H1 The student will describe the impact of European contact on Latin America.
a. Describe the encounter and consequences of the conflict between the Spanish and the Aztecs and Incas and the roles of Cortes, Montezuma, Pizarro, and Atahualpa.
b. Explain the impact of the Columbian Exchange on Latin America and Europe in terms of the decline of the indigenous population, agricultural change, and the introduction of the horse.
SS6H2 The student will explain the development of Latin America and the Caribbean from European colonies to independent nations.
a. Describe the influence of African slavery on the development of the Americas.
b. Describe the influence of the Spanish and the Portuguese on the language and religions of Latin America.
c. Explain the Latin American independence movement; include the importance of Toussaint L’Ouverture, Simon Bolivar, and Miguel Hidalgo.

SS6H3 The student will analyze important 20th century issues in Latin America and the Caribbean.
a. Explain the impact of the Cuban Revolution.
b. Explain the impact and political outcomes of the Zapatista guerrilla movement in Mexico.
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2 pages
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