Pop Art ~ Art History ~ 210 Slides ~ Warhol Rauschenberg et al ~ 1960s
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This is a complete powerpoint presentation of Pop Art from its emergence until the present day. My preview is 20 actual slides from the presentation.
EXCERPT: RAUSCHENBERG BULLET POINTS
born in Port Arthur, Texas in 1925 of fundamentalist Christian parents.
often quoted as saying his work was made "in the gap between art and life.”
Rauschenberg came of age as an artist at the perfect time for providing an alternative to the then-dominant style of Abstract Expressionism.
He was considered a Pop Artist or Neo Dadaist artist but it is really hard to classify someone who is constantly experimenting with new techniques and materials.
writing about Rauschenberg’s not following the abstract expressionists, art historian Leo Steinberg stated, "What he invented above all was a pictorial surface that let the world in again.”
his earliest art work created collages and boxes out of trash
then he put found objects in his paintings.
discovered photographic transfer to canvas using the silkscreen
in later years he added transferring those photo images onto a variety of reflective metals, such as steel and aluminum
always trying new methods while still using his favored older methods.
Challenged that there were limits on methods and materials for making art; recombined just about anything.
liked technological innovations so made digital Iris prints
environmentally concerned so used biodegradable vegetable dyes in his transfer processes.
Rauschenberg died in 2008 at home, Captiva Island, Florida.
EXCERPT: WARHOL BULLET POINTS
born in 1928 in Pittsburgh as Andrew Warhola.
parents were Byzantine Catholics who immigrated to America from Slovakia.
got St. Vitus' Dance disease at 8, a nervous system disease that causes involuntary movements of the extremities;
being constantly ill gave him a hatred for any medical treatment.
graduated from Carnegie Mellon’s commercial art program
moved to New York to work as commercial artist. Record album covers were a big part of his business.
the primitive print making he used in commercial art, he used as his base for advancing to the silk screen printmaking process. This would be the basis of his paintings.
his first silkscreens were hand-drawn images but he quickly changed to using photographs.
during the 1960s, Warhol began to make paintings of iconic American objects, which were very successful.
they became the foundation of Pop Art.
he also made films that were short and experimental.
collaboration with others was natural for Warhol, coming from the commercial art world.
As he continued to collaborate with other artists and filmmakers, it became a source of criticism of his art once he was ensconced in the fine art world.
was gay but had no discernible partner at any time in his life.
died of complications from gall bladder surgery at age 58.
EXCERPT: LICHTENSTEIN BULLET POINTS
born in New York City to an upper-middle-class Jewish family.
became interested in art as a hobby by drawing portraits of musicians playing since he was an avid jazz fan.
last year of high school, 1939, he took classes at the Art Students League.
Lichtenstein then went to college at the Ohio State University, which offered studio courses and a degree in fine arts. He received both an undergraduate and a masters degree in fine art there.
began teaching in upstate New York at the State University of New York at Oswego in 1958.
He then began to incorporate hidden images of cartoon characters, such as Mickey Mouse and Bugs Bunny, into his abstract art works.
In 1960, he switched to teaching at Rutgers University and by 1961 was fully doing the cartoon characters in his paintings.
His “Look Mickey” painting in 1961 began as a challenge from his son who said to him, "I bet you can't paint as good as that, eh, Dad?”
shortly after that, his cartoon based paintings were placed with the famous Leo Castelli gallery in New York.
international acclaim plus high demand for his art led to his resigning from Rutgers in 1964 and moving back to New York City.
by the 1970s and 1980s, his style loosened and he moved beyond the cartoons yet kept what he had produced there as part of the base to his new works.
he was heavily criticized in the art world for doing cartoon based art work but this has little to no effect on his mushrooming career.
died of pneumonia in 1997 and left as survivors the two sons from his first marriage and his second wife.