I use this activity after teaching both the Demographic Transition Model (stages of demographic transition) and the basics of population pyramids. Taking data from the CIA world fact book site, I have located 4 very different population pyramids that students analyze, answer questions about and make predictions into the future understanding much can be told about a nation looking at population demographics.
This document could be used as a formative or summative assessment. Additionally, this activity could be shortened to meet your classroom needs.
This is the second edition/version of this activity - useful for additional practice or an assessment. This first original version can be found at: