Populism: Notes and create your own party platform

Populism: Notes and create your own party platform
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I. Populism
A. Grass roots movement – bottom of economic latter
B. Blacks, farmers (poor) being ripped off by Railroads
C. Back East- Factory work- poor unskilled labor
D. Major issues
a. Free Coinage Bi-metal system
b. Nationalize Railroad- government runs
c. National graduated income tax
d. Depict popular election of US senators
e. 8 hr. work day
f. Farmers want money to be worthless (inflation). If the price of what they wanted goes up, they will still be paying the same amount of money on their land – ne ed to pay debts

II. Agrarian Revolution
A. Farm Problems
1. US farmers faced the following problems after the Civil War
a. New Farm Machinery caused overproduction of crops
b. Overproduction lowered prices
c. Competition from British & Western European Farmers lowered prices further on the world & domestic markets
d. High Railroad rates to transport farm products
e. Tariffs on Foreign machinery
f. Farmers were forced to increase mortgages to buy new machinery
g. Most mortgages had high interest rates
2. Farmers formed a union for mutual protection
a. A Farm Union was called “The Grange”
3. The Role of “the Grange”
a. Tried to make the farmer more competitive- sold foreign produce to costumers
b. By eliminating middlemen prices became more competitive
c. Bought farm machinery in large quantities at whole sale prices to make more affordable

Task: Create a political platform for the Populist Party using the documents.
1. Who is the leader
a. Create a catchy slogan for him
2. What do they want? Why?
a. Address the issues and why they were needed
3. Who are they against? Why
a. This is political figures and issues
4. Who would be interested in this party? Why
a. Describe the types of people and why they would join
5. Create a cast list of the Wizard of Oz
a. Who represents who at this time? Why?
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