How did Portugal, a small nation on Europe's extreme western flank, rise to become the continent's greatest power in the 15th and 16th Centuries? In a word: trade.
This short answer worksheet traces the path of Portugal's Golden Age, from Prince Henry the Navigator to Vasco da Gama to Ferdinand Magellan. Along with discussing the trade routes that brought Asian spices to Europe, it covers the technical innovations that enabled Europeans to explore further and further from home.
Perfect as an in-class activity or homework assignment. Alternatively, these questions can also be used for exam review, or the short answer segment of a unit test on European History.
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