Procedures for Constructing and Using a Behavior Chart
The attached Behavior Chart is constructed using an 8 ½ X 11 sheet of paper which can be customized to meet the needs of an individual child. To construct this chart follow these steps:
1. Decide which five activity blocks you wish to include. For example, circle time, centers, outdoor play, lunch and naptime. If a particular time of day is an issue for a child, the chart can be used to identify tasks during that time. An example might be a naptime chart with pictures to show making up the cot, lying quietly on the cot, reading quietly on the cot, etc.
2. Once you have determined the activities or tasks you wish to include on your chart, obtain representative pictures for each activity or task. This can be done in several ways: using Google images for clip art; cutting pictures from magazines; taking actual pictures of the child performing the task; or obtaining pictures from programs such as Boardmaker. The key is to use images rather than words so that young children can “read” the chart. Place the pictures down the left side of the paper and use a marker to mark of even spaces as shown.
3. Laminate the finished product. Place five stickers on five separate pieces of paper and laminate to form sticker cards. Then put Velcro on the stickers. Allow the child to choose the stickers, or if you know the child loves “Dora” or other characters use those stickers. Apply Velcro tabs to the chart in the blank spaces and to the back of the sticker cards.
Once the chart is constructed you can begin to use it!
1. Post the classroom rules and recite the rules daily (see example).
2. If the child follows the rules during each activity/task period, the child earns a sticker. Allow the child to place the sticker on the chart so he/she can understand and see success.
3. If a child does not follow the posted rules during a certain time, no sticker is rewarded. Tell the child, “You did not earn a sticker
during outdoor play because you pushed your friends down. The rule is we keep our hands and feet to ourselves.”
4. Alternatively, if a particular behavior is being targeted, the sticker can be awarded for accomplishing that behavior. An example could be a child who is working on using the toilet. Each time the child stays dry during the activity period they earn a sticker. It is essential that the child and parents be clear on what the child’s goal is.
5. At the end of the day, Xerox the chart with the stickers. In the spaces where a sticker was not earned the teacher records the reason. For example: “Joe pushed several friends today” could be written in the blank space of outdoor time. Send a copy of the chart home with the child and retain one for your records.
6. If the child earns all the stickers for each activity/ task they can then be rewarded with a special stamp on their hand or a sticker.
7. Remove the stickers from the chart ( they will be velcroed on) and you will have the chart ready for the next day!
Rewards canbe given at school and at home. Suppose a child is working at keeping their hands and feet to themselves. During the first week using the chart, if the child obtains four stars, they receive a special sticker or hand stamp from their teacher at the end of the day. As the child meets with success, the expectations can be increased so that the sticker/stamp is awarded for obtaining all five stickers.