The Archimedean solids are Named from the famed ancient Greek mathematician, Archimedes (287 BC – c. 212 BC) who discussed them in his lost work. It was the Greek mathematician, Pappus of Alexandria (290 – c. 350 AD), who reported Archimedes work in his own written work. Pappus’s work listed 13 polyhedra, what we now today call the Archimedean solids.
During the Renaissance, artists and mathematicians rediscovered the 13 solids and in 1620, Johannes Kepler’s search for the solids was almost entirely completed. Kepler defined prisms, antiprisms, and non-convex solids known as Kepler-Poinsot polyhedra in his work. This study address an introduction to each of the 13 solids with references and foldable activities for each found on NatureGlo’s eScience MathArt Archimedean Solid web page.