Pablo Neruda, often regarded as the best poet of the 20th Century, was famous for both political and romantic poems. Using his political poem, "La United Fruit Company”, and his romantic poem “Sonnet 20”, students will review important poetic devices, close read and annotate poems, view supporting video clips, and participate in Socratic discussions. This lesson prepares students for AP Literature exams, Common Core extended response assessments, the SAT essay and critical thinking activities. There is also a viewing guide and writing assessment for “Il Postino”, a film based on Pablo Neruda life. Links to the film are provided.
In this resource there is a unique detailed rubric that can be used to score Socratic Seminars in a way that encourages organic fluid discussions. In the guide there is a step by step explanation on how to conduct a fish-bowl discussion with the rubric. The Socratic seminar acts as a poetry explication. The packet includes a complete lesson, common core standards, essential and key questions, links to video clips and resources, and a teacher’s guide for annotating the poems.
Key words: poetry explication, World Literature, Socratic Seminar, writing, poetry, AP Literature, critical thinking, Pablo Neruda, Chile, Il Postino, annotations, literary devices, Sonnet 20, La United Fruit Company, South America