The Andalusian poet, Federico García Lorca, wrote--The duende then is a power, not a work. It is a struggle, not a thought. I have heard an old maestro of the guitar say, "The duende is not in the throat; the duende climbs up inside you, from the soles of the feet." Meaning this: It is not a question of ability, but of true living style, of blood, of the most ancient culture, of spontaneous creation."
Using Federico García Lorca ‘s poem, "Romance Sonambulo”, students will review important poetic devices, close read and annotate poems, view supporting video clips, and evaluate the writing prompt. An assessment essay from a lecture Garcia Lorca gives Argentine students is excerpted with a prompt asking students to evaluate opinion and resources of language. A link to a rubric and student essay samples are included in the resources, with commentary from a seasoned AP English reader. This lesson prepares students for AP Literature and Language exams, Common Core extended response assessments, the SAT essay and critical thinking activities.
In this resource there is a unique detailed rubric that can be used to score Socratic Seminars in a way that encourages organic fluid discussions. In the guide there is a step by step explanation on how to conduct a fish-bowl discussion with the rubric. The Socratic seminar acts as a poetry explication. The packet includes a complete lesson, common core standards, essential and key questions, links to video clips and resources, a teacher’s guide for annotating the poems and scored student samples with commentary.
Key words: poetry explication, World Literature, Socratic Seminar, writing, poetry, AP Literature, AP Language, metaphors, critical thinking, Federico Garcia Lorca, annotations, literary devices, duende, Spain, dual languages