César Chávez and Dolores Huerta led the United Farm Workers Union in the 1960s through early 80s. In 1978, Chávez wrote a letter to a Catholic magazine explaining nonviolent protest principles on the tenth anniversary of Martin Luther King’s assassination. Links to multimedia clips and NPR stories explore Chávez and the struggle. A link is provided to six different opinions by accessing The New York Times series Room for Debate regarding contemporary farm labor practices. This will provide the students an opportunity to use their synthesis skills as they engaged in Socratic Seminar.
In this resource there is a unique detailed rubric that can be used to score Socratic Seminars in a way that encourages organic fluid discussions. In the guide there is a step by step explanation on how to conduct a fish-bowl discussion with the rubric. There is a link to the College Board’s AP Central site where the 2015 AP English Language Question #2 is a perfect fit to use when assessing this unit. Links to the rubric, the speech, the prompt, and student samples can be found here. Expert analysis in the Student Q/A section for the prompt and its intentions is also provided. There are sample graphic organizers designed to get students to understand the writer’s purpose and how rhetorical strategies connect to purpose in argument. Complete Common Core standards included.
Key words: AP English Language, speech and debate, César Chávez, immigration, social justice, argument, Socratic Seminar, synthesis, nonviolent protest, American Literature, Common Core,