Understanding Texts and Making Inferences:
The Meaning of Cave Painting
Often, understanding texts involved comprehending only what is directly stated. Sometimes however, understanding text requires making inferences, which means reading “between the lines” to extend the provided information. Inferences are based on careful study of what is stated in the passage as well as your own common sense and previous knowledge.
1. Skim the passage to get an idea what the passage is about
2. To understand unfamiliar vocabulary words, look at the context in which they appear.
3. Examine word parts, which also can help you understand vocabulary. The addition of a prefix and/or a suffix can change a word’s meaning
4. Read the stated facts and ideas. Recognize inferenced that are already made
5. Skim the question to help you focus on pertinent information before re-reading the passage carefully.
1. Read the sentence from the passage “Such an approach accords with animism…” What does accords mean?
a. Is inconsistent with…?
b. Is contrary to…?
c. Is constant with?
d. Is irrelevant to?
2. Why do the authors mention preliterate and indigenous societies…?
a. To draw a distinction between those groups and Paleolithic cave paintings?
b. Because the difference between preliterate and indigenous societies help to explain the images found in cave paintings…?
c. To note the similar painting materials issued by preliterate and indigenous people and the peoples of the Late Stone Age….?
d. Because they believe the studies made of those groups can shed light on their practiced of older societies…?
3. Why were the cave paintings hidden away?
4. What is the standard explanation for cave paintings?
5. Many scientists believe that the cave paintings are evidence of an early form of religion. If this is true, what is also true about the animals in the paintings?