Do your third and fourth grade readers resort to guessing when they encounter big words? This unit is designed to engage young readers with multisyllabic words and give them the confidence to decode them. 80% of multisyllabic words contain a prefix, suffix, or both. Teaching affixes and base words will not only improve reading fluency and comprehension, but will also build spelling and vocabulary skills.
Lesson 1 introduces students to prefixes, suffixes, and base words. They learn to recognize when a specific group of letters is a prefix or suffix or just part of the regular spelling of the base word.
Lessons 2-7 each focus on one or two specific prefixes. These are followed by two review activities and a prefixes and base words quiz.
In each of lessons 7-12, students will learn and practice with one or two specific suffixes. These lessons are followed by two review activities and then a unit assessment.
The first two activities in each lesson introduce students to the specific affix being studied. The box at the top of the page tells students the meaning that is added when the affix is attached, along with an example. Some of them give information about spelling rules that will need to be used and about part of speech and how it may change when the affix is added. Spend time discussing this with students and showing them specific examples.
The third activity in each lesson provides extra practice in the form of a puzzle.
Each lesson also includes a quick spelling dictation activity that will help students visualize the words and apply spelling rules.
The reading fluency activity that is part of each lesson helps students apply their growing knowledge of multisyllabic words and build their fluency with quickly and accurately decoding them.
Finally, the last activity consists of twelve words that are broken into syllables or chunks on cards. Students can work in partners or individually to manipulate the cards to create a multisyllabic word. When they have figured out the word, students record it on their page. I suggest copying these on cardstock and laminating so they can be reused.
The last page in each lesson is a recording page, where students can write their spelling dictation and also record the words they create with the syllable cards.
These activities are perfect for small group instruction or a center. They are also appropriate for using with your whole class.
Please download the preview for Lesson 2 from this unit. Feel free to try it out with your students before purchasing the whole unit!
Please note: This unit covers base words, prefixes, and suffixes. It does NOT address Greek and Latin roots.