Knowing how and when to use the present perfect vs. the simple past is challenging for many ESL students. This can help.
Allowing students to discover grammar rules by working together in cooperative learning groups both decreases teacher talk and instills deductive reasoning skills into students. When they can articulate rules into their own words, they own them and will be more like to both remember them and use them correctly.
In this linguistic investigation, students will work together to discover the rules for the format and use of present perfect as compared to the simple past. A worksheet that guides students' understanding is included for when it is necessary. Also included is the answer key.
This activity was designed for intermediate-level adult ESL students.
Other Present Perfect Resources:
♦ Linguistic Investigation: for-since in present perfect
♦ Linguistic Investigation: already/yet in present perfect
♦ Linguistic Investigation: Present Perfect Progressive vs. Present Perfect
♦ Grammar Guide: Present perfect
♦ Grammar Guide: Present Perfect vs. Present Perfect Progressive
♦ Grammar Guide: Past Perfect & Past Perfect Progressive
CLICK HERE for Other Linguistic Investigations