In 1801, U.S. President Thomas Jefferson ordered military action against the North African Barbary States without a formal declaration of war. Since then, his successors have each faced circumstances where military necessity clashed with the strict letter of the Constitution. Two centuries later, the line between "war" and "military action" is more obscured than ever.
This identification / definition worksheet seeks to identify the executive, diplomatic and judicial powers granted to US Presidents under the Constitution. It also examines how past office holders have worked to expand these powers - sometimes by using dubious constitutional means.
Perfect as a single-class activity, homework assignment or review sheet!
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