It’s flexible, powerful, compact, and can help you in a pinch – Primary Source Ninja to the rescue! This versatile primary source analysis tool is designed to deeply engage students in close reading, evidence-backed writing, and personal reflection through the lens of five themes of United States History (Equality, Rights, Freedom, Opportunity, Democracy). This analysis framework can be applied to any historical document and is meant to be used and re-used throughout the year with different sources so that students gain comfort with their ability to independently read, analyze, and write about history. The Primary Source Ninja neatly fits on one page, so a primary source reading can be copied on the other side. After students gain comfort with the assignment, it can be easily assigned for homework, or used as a go-to sub plan. The Ninja can also serve as a basis for theme-based projects and formative assessments.