This set of cards is a collection of 12 double-sided work cards with 36 hands-on learning activities at three levels of difficulty. The activities are designed to help children in grades 2 through 8 practice and learn the concept of probability. The activities were developed using the NCTM Standards, National Council for Teachers of Mathematics, as guidelines.
Use the activities in large and small group instruction, in learning centers, for homework assignments and more. All of the activities require the use of manipulatives such as dice, spinners, counters, and more. The developmental progression and design of each activity card and the use of manipulatives for actual experimentation with the concept of probability will help ensure success and enrich the mathematics curriculum in one’s classroom.
(1) explore the concept of fairness
(2) predict outcomes from samples and experiments
(3) write probability outcomes/results as fractions
(4) compare expected and experimental outcomes
The cards are set up in a pyramid shape. The base level (green) is the easiest/most elementary activity on the card. The middle level (yellow) is often an activity related to the base or green activity, but requires a bit more interpretation and use of logical thinking skills. The red or top level is the most difficult activity. In this set of Work Cards, the color-coded side of the cards provides the directions, number of participants and a listing of manipulatives needed to complete the activity. The reverse or black and white side of the card provides an area for students to tally their results or outcomes for each level and a listing of thought provoking questions for them to answer.
Instructions are included with a detailed explanation for having children keep a Probability Journal in which they can record a written answer or explanation for their activity outcomes/ results, linking the mathematics and language curriculums.
The following list shows the manipulatives needed for each card:
Card 1: 2-color counters
Card 2: coins and a paper bag
Card 3: money dice and coins
Card 4: playing cards
Card 5: playing cards
Card 6: spinner numbered 1-5 and coins
Card 7: spinners numbered 0-5, 0-9, 1-5, and 1-6 (Use blank spinners to make 0-5 and
Card 8: spinners numbered 0-5, 0-9 and 2-color counters
Card 9: dot dice (3)
Card 10: dot dice (4) and 2-color counters
Card 11: color spinners: 4 color and 6 color; and blank spinner with 0-5
Card 12: integer dice (2) and 2-color counters
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