Make problem solving as easy as ABCD with this simple math problem solving strategy. The ABCD method of problem solving uses mnemonics to guide students through the problem solving process, helping them to organize their ideas and leading them to better comprehension of the task and the requirements for finding a solution.
This packet includes the following resources to get your students on-track and understanding how to approach problem solving for any type of problem:
- A colorful poster set displaying each step of the easy-to-remember ABCD strategy
- 12 unique word problems and answer keys modeling strategies such as: making an organized list, drawing a picture to solve a problem, writing a number sentence to solve a problem, solving multi-step problems, making a table to show a pattern, making tree diagrams and working backwards.
This packet can be used in a variety of ways. It can be set up as a center for students to work on independently as well as used as a supplemental lesson with small groups.
Special thanks and credit given to MAD CLIPS FACTORY for their border graphics!
Rationale for the ABCD Method of Problem Solving:
As teachers, we often have our students “check for understanding” as they read in order to promote engagement with the text and aid in their comprehension of what they are reading. When it comes to math, however, students don’t always apply their reading skills to solve word problems.
The concepts in math word problems are presented in a different fashion than typical stories that students might read. The vocabulary in math word problems is “uniquely mathematical” in nature and certain terms are infrequently experienced outside the math classroom. However, the same strategies that are used in text comprehension in the reading class can be used to comprehend math word problems. In fact, word problems are often referred to as story problems because of their text-based presentation of mathematical concepts.
Several problem-solving methodologies have been developed to help students process the steps needed to solve word problems. Most problem-solving protocols involve a 4 step process for breaking down word problems. However, students sometimes have difficulty remembering the steps and often get bogged down in the process.
The problem-solving method featured in this product uses mnemonics to help students build fluency with identifying the steps in solving word problems. The mnemonics help students to “check for understanding” as they move through each step of the problem-solving process by promoting metacognition.