“But I DID include it!” - many of my students
This method is the product of several frustrated attempts at trying to get my students to write a well-constructed, evidence-supported, complete reading response. Despite my attempts at teaching them what the response should include (with the Constructed Response with Text Evidence Model), many students would inevitably leave out something (usually the text evidence and/or the explanation). I created this to help them to differentiate between the different parts of the response and to make sure that they included ALL of it. If a student cannot find one of the parts to underline, chances are he/she did not include it at all. This is meant to be a way to help both the student and the teacher check to make sure that all parts of the response are included. The colors were chosen and ordered according to the visible spectrum (rainbow), since the order is important and should stay the same. I have my students use colored pencils (rather than highlighters) to ensure neatness and precision when underlining.
During or after writing a constructed response to a reading question, students check to make sure (and prove) that their answers are well-constructed and complete by underlining the different components:
RED: The student underlines where he or she restated or reworded the original question. This is to ensure that the student properly introduces the response and begins a complete sentensce instead of starting with “Because”, “Yes/No”, etc.
Orange: The student underlines where he/she actually answered the question in his/her own words. This is usually the second half of the introductory sentence that was underlined in red.
Yellow: The student underlines in yellow where he/she provides text evidence, with evidence-based terms, that supports his/her answer. Emphasize that the text evidence should be copied directly from the text and in quotation marks.
Green: The student underlines where he/she connected the text evidence to his/her answer with an explanation. This is something that many students seem to struggle with and leave out, because they don’t understand why they aren’t done after the answer and text evidence. I tell my students that this is where they tell how their evidence shows that their answers are right. It should also fully close out the answer and end the response.
Printable color poster that explains how to underline each part
Half-sheet color posters for individual student reference
Model templates for two TFK articles
Picture of student model
Please also check out my Constructed Response Model and Template: www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Constructed-Response-with-Text-Evidence-1015976