Students roll one die twice and represent their expression as an equal groups model, repeated addition, and as an array. They use these models to help them determining the product.
While it is true that the order of the factors doesn’t change the product (Commutative Property of Multiplication), it is important to note that the order of the factors does change the model. Mathematicians have agreed on the meaning of each factor depending on the order of its appearance in the equation. This allows for more efficient, clearer communication.
This activity provides practice with representing multiplication through a variety of models.