When analyzing passages, a good tool to use is a rhetorical precis. I've taken the elements of creating a rhetorical precis from V. Stevenson and M. Frerichs and created a template that helps guide students to the information needed to write a rhetorical precis. The process becomes easier once they've the template for a while. Consider this training wheels for the process of analyzing passages. This becomes an invaluable skill once the students start writing rhetorical analysis essays.