Rhetorical Stance Openers Toolkit helps upper elementary, middle school, and high school students learn and practice the elements of rhetorical stance: voice, audience, purpose, and form. This book provides 64 "openers" formatted for your class projector. Simply display the page and have students respond on binder paper or in their writers notebooks. Students practice using tone, word choice, and point of view to adapt to different audiences and writing purposes. Students improve writing flexibility and fluency as they practice different writing forms for the on-demand prompts. This ten-minute activity requires absolutely no teacher prep. Get the attendance done and guide class discussion as students share their creative written responses. Also provided are Writing Direction Words posters formatted for classroom display and reference. Help your students improve writing fluency, writing coherency, as well as analytical reading and writing skills with your purchase of this resource.
What to Emphasize in Rhetorical Stance Instruction and Evaluation
Voice-Some would define voice at that intangible which makes one's writing unique, personal,
and honest. I define voice a bit more globally, encompassing style, point of view, tone, and
diction (word choice). Students need to practice mimicking other voices to refine their own voices. Additionally, students need to be able to manipulate their voices to best suit the audience, purpose, and form. Choose student models to share that will broaden your students' understanding of voice and encourage students to mimic these examples and the voices of other writers. Why not introduce a video clip of Martin Luther King, Jr. to inspire students to mimic his poetic, emotional, and hopeful voice prior to a relevant quick write?
Audience-Students need to understand that all writing is interactive communication. The other
is the writer, himself, as reader and any others with whom the writer shares the work. Students all too frequently learn to write to the teacher as their exclusive audience. This practice tends to de-personalize student writing and limit development of voice. Choose student models to share that use a voice that engages and is particularly appropriate to the audience. Ask students to identify which parts of the writing response specifically address the defined audience and why.
Purpose-Rhetorical Stance Openers identifies and defines eight key writing direction words
(describe, explain, discuss, compare-contrast, analyze, persuade, justify, and evaluate). These same writing direction words are used on a rotating basis (eight times each) as the purpose components in the 64 Rhetorical Stance Openers. Use the following Writing Direction Words chart and the Writing Posters following to remind students of each definition, as is necessary.
Form-Although the academic essay becomes the predominate form of composition beginning
in the intermediate elementary years and continuing through college, facility in other writing forms is certainly necessary to develop voice, writing fluency, and writing dexterity.
Additionally, writing practice using a variety of forms will improve reading comprehension
across a wide variety of genres. 78 pages
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