This lesson will take at least two 90-minute class periods to execute!
In this lesson, students do everything from building their own marshmallow (and block) models of minerals, to making crystals using Epsom salts or borax and handling geodes. There are embedded video links to cool crystal caves as well as animations of crystal formation. By the end of this lesson, students should not only be excited about minerals, but also be able to explain how the underlying chemical nature of minerals creates their properties.
mineral, crystal, solid, structure, function, periodic table, chemical formula, compound, element
I will illustrate and build the magnified, crystalline structure of a mineral
I will illustrate the difference between elemental and compound minerals.
I will explain how the internal structure can determine the mineral's properties (ex: coal, graphite, diamond)
Warm Up: ID minerals in your partner's Mineral Story
Objectives & Agenda
What is a Mineral Vid: 5 Criteria
What are Crystals?: Mexican Caves & Slow Motion Growth (vid)
Describing the Diagram
See and Feel Real Geodes! (+ bonus extra credit opportunity)
Make your own Crystals (+ class bonus goal-driven opportunity)
Set up your Science Notebook
Gather your Materials and Make Initial Observations
What's the periodic table have to do with all of this?
Describing what formulas make common minerals
Guided Notes: Elemental vs. Compound Minerals (versions 1 &2)
Independent Notes: Elemental vs. Compound Venn Diagram
Building Marshmallow Mineral Models (and blocks!)
Comparing Elemental Models: Graphite, Coal & Diamonds
What are the "allotropes of Carbon"?
How does Structure Determine Property?
Mineral Tic Tac Toe Assessment
Rock Candy Lab Instructions
Additional Warm Up