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SCIENCE Materials: Properties, Chemical and Physical Changes-Teaching Activities

Grade Levels
2nd - 6th, Homeschool
Formats Included
  • Zip
250 pages
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    1. We have put together all of our science resources together in one growing bundle. Study units included are Plants, humans, animals, food and nutrition, variation, classification and inheritance, habitats, forces, light, sound, materials and more. All science topics can be used for Grades 1 to 6 and
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    This bundle focuses on the teaching of Science topic: Materials and their properties through focusing on three key areas:

    • Properties of materials
    • Chemical Changes
    • Physical Changes

    These focus areas are delivered through a range of activities (which include lesson plans or clear and detailed instructions for use), photocopiable resources and photocopiable worksheets and pupil workbooks.

    We have included Escape Rooms, STEM challenges, Hands On Scientific Investigations as well as vocabulary and language acquisition activities.

    The activities currently included in this bundle are:

    1. What's the Matter: ESCAPE ROOM - Materials, solids, liquids and gases
    2. It's a Rocky Escape: ESCAPE ROOM - Rocks
    3. Kaboom or Bust! ESCAPE ROOM - Chemical and Physical Changes
    4. All Powered Up: ESCAPE ROOM - Electrical circuits, Electricity, Conductors
    5. Buggies: STEM Design you own buggy - electrical circuits and components
    6. 3-2-1 Blast Off! STEM Rockets - using physical/chemical changes to power rockets
    7. Separate to Escape: Hands on INVESTIGATIONS - Survival on a desert island
    8. Language Acquisition - Word Search and Cross Word
    9. Hands on Investigations: 14 Activities investigating chemical and physical changes

    For more details of learning objectives and activity focus - please see below:

    What's the Matter: ESCAPE ROOM learning outcomes:

    The 9 activities are based on the following outcomes:

    • Be able to draw the scientific features of solids, liquids and gases
    • Know the features of solids, liquids and gases
    • Know types of materials within solids, liquids and gases, and other properties which materials might have
    • Link materials to their features
    • Be able to label the water cycle with scientific vocabulary
    • Chemical and Physical Changes
    • Name the only natural material which is a solid, a liquid and a gas
    • Review of learning within the topic of Materials and their properties.

    It's a Rocky Escape: ESCAPE ROOM learning outcomes:

    The 9 activities are based on the following outcomes:

    • Word Search to introduce 21 key words related to rocks and minerals (also aids spelling)
    • Identifying colours of rocks
    • Vocabulary and their meaning – link the words to their definitions
    • The Rock Cycle – processes and rock types
    • True of False – statements related to qualities of rocks and minerals
    • Vocabulary knowledge – assessing growing knowledge
    • Sequencing the fossilization process
    • Cloze procedure – fill in the missing words from a given word bank
    • Give ten facts you have learnt about rocks and minerals

    Kaboom or Bust! ESCAPE ROOM learning outcomes:

    The 9 activities are based on the following outcomes:

    • Knowledge of processes in both chemical and physical changes
    • Processes involved in the water cycle
    • Explaining chemical and physical processes in everyday situations
    • Solving anagrams of different processes
    • Linking processes with their definitions
    • Identifying missing words to create complete sentences based on chemical and physical changes
    • Researching chemical and physical reactions, outcomes which can be seen in everyday life
    • Problem solving – separating materials using knowledge of material properties and physical changes
    • Review using question and answer focus

    All Powered Up ESCAPE ROOM learning outcomes:

    The 9 activities are based on the following outcomes:

    • Electrical Circuit component names
    • Electrical Circuit component images and names linked
    • 9 scientific images and names
    • Identifying errors in the construction of simple circuits
    • Predicting what will happen with built circuits
    • Linking scientific diagrams of circuits with “pictures” of circuits
    • Series and Parallel circuits
    • Power usage
    • Reviewing the 8 Code Keys and identifying what we have learnt/revised about Electricity.

    Buggies: STEM Challenge - Controllable vehicles using electrical circuits

    This product focuses on the study unit area of controllable vehicles - electrical circuits, motors and pulleys - from Grades 4 and 5 (US) and Years 5 and 6 (UK).

    Included are eight lesson plans are placed in a clear teaching sequence of varying lengths taking the children on a journey through:

    • researching controllable vehicles, including how they work,
    • gathering evidence from various sources,
    • developing ideas for different techniques of control in electrical circuits,
    • evaluating pulleys working in different directions,
    • evaluating different electrical circuits for different purposes,
    • focused practical activities for circuits and strengthening joints,
    • building and evaluating models of their ideas,
    • redesign based on outcomes,
    • building final controllable vehicle,
    • overall evaluation of vehicle,
    • assessment based on initial objectives

    As well as the lesson plans, a Student Workbook is also provided which guides the students through developing and reflecting upon their working through working systematically and methodically through the design and make process. It supports students in questioning them on what they have seen, understood, and how they can use this to further develop their own learning.

    3-2-1- Blast Off! STEM Rockets Project - Materials and their properties

    When you purchase and download this resource, you will receive a 14 page booklet. It includes all you need to achieve success in teaching your children about rockets - focused on the forces of air, water and chemical reactions - using recycled materials and minimal resources.

    This project is aimed at developing both skills in STEM learning alongside team work skills, problem solving, cooperation and communication skills, within a meaningful scenario.

    The booklet includes:

    • Cover Page
    • Contents and resources
    • Aims of the project
    • Lesson Plans for teaching the project and hints as to when to let the children "fail" before intervening with support and "6 Handy Hints" sheets (2 sheets for each of the rocket types)
    • Scenario to read to make the learning purposeful (what the children must make and how they can investigate their rockets further)
    • Research and Planning sheet along with 6 targeted questions to support research and preparation before making
    • 6 focused rocket Handy Hints sheets - 2 for each rocket type (1 to help make, 1 to help extend and explain what reactions are occurring to make the rocket fly)
    • Certificate to mark success, the end of the project and celebrating taking part.

    The aims of the project have been identified as:

    Social skills

    • Develop the skills of co-operation
    • Improve communication skills
    • To support one another to reach a shared goal
    • To delegate tasks
    • Discuss issues and solve problems as they arise
    • Have fun in achieving the outcome and support the development of new friendships

    STEM skills

    • Research different forms of rockets which can be made from simple resources
    • Use research to influence achievable design
    • Use limited resources creatively to reach agreed outcome
    • Use class based equipment to complete the project
    • Strengthen joints using techniques – provided a sturdy structure
    • Use measuring skills
    • Produce three different types of rockets propelled by three different types of fuels and understand how the rockets work.

    However, these are not exhaustive skills and the project is flexible and open enough for other skills to be developed.

    The 7 Lesson Plans are detailed with session numbers, clear purpose to the lesson, detailed activity plans and outcome of the session. The plans clearly tell the teacher when to let the children experiment, when to allow them to fail in order to learn and problem solve, when to use the 6 Handy Hints sheets and when to intervene with further skills teaching to move them onto the next stage of the project.

    Separate to Survive: STEM CHALLENGE - Separating materials based on properties

    STEM/SCIENCE skills

    • Know the stages of the water cycle and how those stages can be used to separate materials
    • Be able to separate water from solids
    • Be able to separate soluble materials from insoluble materials
    • Be able to separate magnetic materials from non-magnetic materials
    • Put science knowledge and skills into a meaningful context (survival)

    Skills and knowledge in Separating Materials explored through the 9 activities are:

    1. Separating salt and sand
    2. Separating salt and water
    3. Separating sand and water
    4. Separating sand, salt and water
    5. Separating iron filings from sand
    6. Separating iron filings from sand and salt
    7. Making clean water from dirty water
    8. Separating sugar from water
    9. Separating paint from water

    The 9 activities each have their own activity card which includes the following:

    • Activity number so that children can identify which they have completed and which they still need to complete
    • Apparatus required to support organisation
    • Aims of the activity
    • Diagram (if required) to support completion
    • Key learning questions: What did you achieve? Why?

    Other resources in this product also include a checklist for children to check off when they have completed an activity, along with space for their learning, thinking and reflecting on the science behind what they have seen.

    There is also a celebratory certificate for children to have once they have completed all 9 activities.

    We think this is a great start to the topic of separating materials. It is fast paced and really keeps the children's interest in all of the short focused investigations. We found that our children learnt a lot in a short amount of time and this was then used to support further teaching and learning within the topic of materials.

    Language Acquisition: Word Search and Cross word

    This product introduces the children to the vocabulary and terminology linked with the science topic of Chemical and Physical changes in materials. Included are two different activities:

    • Vocabulary Wordsearch - children must find 22 different words related to the topic of Changing Materials hidden within the letter grid. Words could be horizontal, vertical, diagonal, forwards as well as backwards.
    • Vocabulary Crossword - the children are given 13 clues to Chemical and Physical Changes in Materials Vocabulary which must be fitted into the grid provided. Words will cross over one another to help with clues to answering the questions.

    We used these two activities at the start of our Chemical and Physical Changes topic to introduce the children to the language associated with Changing Materials, and what those words mean. However, this activity would work well at any time in the topic, as well as a Science Center, early finishers extension, home learning or remote learning.

    14 Hands On Science Activities: Chemical and Physical Changes in Materials

    Science skills

    • Know that materials can be changed
    • Understand that some materials, when changed, only change in their appearance
    • Understand that some materials, when changed, cannot be changed back
    • Know the meaning of a physical change
    • Know the meaning of a chemical change
    • Can explain some of the changes which they see happening with different, everyday objects
    • Can name some of the processes used to change materials
    • Can describe some of the processes used to change materials

    Skills and knowledge of processes in CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL CHANGES explored through the 14 activities are:

    • Cutting and bending
    • Dissolving
    • Combustion/burning
    • Clotting
    • Melting, freezing
    • Dehydrating, rehydrating
    • ·Boiling
    • Condensation, evaporation, precipitation, vapour
    • Physical, chemical, reaction
    • Solid, liquid, gas
    • Temperature

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    Total Pages
    250 pages
    Answer Key
    Teaching Duration
    1 month
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    to see state-specific standards (only available in the US).
    Develop a model to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen. Examples of evidence could include adding air to expand a basketball, compressing air in a syringe, dissolving sugar in water, and evaporating salt water. Assessment does not include the atomic-scale mechanism of evaporation and condensation or defining the unseen particles.
    Analyze data obtained from testing different materials to determine which materials have the properties that are best suited for an intended purpose. Examples of properties could include, strength, flexibility, hardness, texture, and absorbency. Assessment of quantitative measurements is limited to length.
    Construct an argument with evidence that some changes caused by heating or cooling can be reversed and some cannot. Examples of reversible changes could include materials such as water and butter at different temperatures. Examples of irreversible changes could include cooking an egg, freezing a plant leaf, and heating paper.
    Make observations and measurements to identify materials based on their properties. Examples of materials to be identified could include baking soda and other powders, metals, minerals, and liquids. Examples of properties could include color, hardness, reflectivity, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, response to magnetic forces, and solubility; density is not intended as an identifiable property. Assessment does not include density or distinguishing mass and weight.


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