As teachers, we have a lot of experience gathering information about our students and using it to make decisions. When we observe students that are more disruptive at certain times of the day, we look closely at the setting to find clues that explain these behaviors. Many of our decisions can be made without collecting data systematically. However, at times a strategic data-based decision-making process may be needed.
Research suggests that in an effective class, students should be on task more than 90% of the time (Knight, J., 2007).
Every five seconds, the observer glances at a student. If the student is on task at the moment the observer looks at her, the observer puts a sign (x) in the appropriate box. If the student is off task, the observer puts a zero (0) in the box. While observing the class, the observer moves attention systematically from one student to the next... Use this template and recording sheet to easily complete a time on task observation and report.
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