PAM KAATZ AKA La Anciana Venerable
All typos are the result of senility, not ignorance.
THESE LESSONS ARE NOT INTENDED TO BE USED BEFORE YOU HAVE HAD NUMEROUS COMMUNICATIVE LESSONS AND ALREADY HAVE THE STUDENTS SPEAKING SOMEWHAT.
LAS VOCALES LESSON: I also included the explanation of LAS VOCALES in the lesson EL ALFABETO primarily because the names of the letters are pronounced more “correctly” if students are aware of the correct sound of the vowels. At the end of that lesson, I mention STRONG and WEAK vowels, but do not go into great detail.
So, just in case you don’t have the ALFABETO lesson, this part can help explain about DIPHTHONGS. I feel it is important for students to be aware of the physical aspect that makes certain vowels strong and others weak. Do you know why? It just hit me one day like a 907.185 kilograms of bricks—What’s that? A TON-- Tell your English and Math teachers about the lesson I did on Changing Old English Expressions to the Metric System.
Over the years, I developed WEIRD lessons in order to teach concepts concerning these topics. That was BEFORE computers were available. Now that I have computers to work with, I have come up with EVEN WEIRDER lessons, and I’m PROUD of it!!
Not only are they WEIRD, they are DORKY, CORNY, whatever it takes to get the learner’s attention. In fact, I don’t even mind if they make negative comments about “whoever made these lessons must be nuts” because I would consider that a compliment.
There is no sound to the lessons. It is up to the teacher to guide the discussions—to discuss the reasoning behind the rules of spelling, the use of accents, etc.
I hope you will not be offended that I don’t use the “fancy vocabulary” for the accent rules. I simply want them to FEEL what the rules mean. The Spanish language is so LOGICALLY written, that IF you know the rules of spelling, you can sound out ANY word in the language, unlike another language that we know. I won’t even bother to list examples of those many words that we know have strange pronunciations in English.
BUT, if you know any English teachers who DO need a lesson about Weird Words in English, refer them to my lesson called WEIRD WORDS here on TpT.
I have heard many Spanish teachers admit that they do not truly understand all the rules for using the accent. Well, here is their chance to “get it” for themselves.
I am simply grouping these three powerpoint lessons in this one kit.
I hope these make sense to you and that you will pass the word on to your colleagues if they do.
In order to understand the use of the Accent Marks, there are FOUR BASIC rules. These are all explained and many examples are given. I always try to do something physical, visual to help the learner understand how the rules work. As previously mentioned, the lessons are indeed “dorky.”
1. TO SEPARATE DIPHTHONGS
What are they? How do I know if they require the accent mark?
2. “NORMAL” RULES OF STRESS
How are we supposed to know which syllable to say the loudest?
Unlike English, if you are reading a reliable source, you will never
have to doubt how it is supposed to sound.
3. CHANGE THE MEANING OF WORDS THAT LOOK ALIKE
These accents do NOT change the sound of the word, just the
meaning. The traditional explanation is that “more important
words have the accent.” That is why el se~nor "ESNOB" represents them.
4. QUESTIONS AND EXCLAMATIONS—actually like Rule 3
The accent is on the already stressed syllable. It also changes the meaning, but only to show that they are questions and exclamations.