This is a complete presentation about the art of Sandro Botticelli from Florence, Italy during the Renaissance. THIS PRODUCT IS FREE BECAUSE IT IS SUBSTANTIALLY SHORTER THAN MY OTHER ART HISTORY PRODUCTS.
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- Sandro Botticelli was an Early Renaissance artist based in Florence, Italy. His work was popular in its time and then fell off in popularity near his death. It only was "rediscovered" in the 19th century and has been enormously popular and collected since then. His two most popular paintings are "The Birth of Venus" and "Primavera". The model for both paintings was Simonetta, the most beautiful woman in Florence. She died at 22 but Botticelli just continued painting her. It is hard to find a woman in his paintings who does not resemble Simonetta. Although Botticelli painted many religious figures, he was unusual in being able to paint the pagan mythological Gods as well without the Catholic Church declaring him a heretic.
BIRTH OF VENUS (BULLET POINTS)
~Painted by Sandro Botticelli between 1482 and 1485, from Ovid’s literary work, Metamorphoses.
~Venus is portrayed naked on a shell on the seashore;
~On her left, are the Winds (2 flying figures), which have blown her into shore and now shower her with roses.
~On her right. is her handmaid Ora, who has been waiting to dress the goddess.
~The violets symbolize modesty but were also used to make love potions.
~Venus being born is also the birth of love and the recognition of spiritual beauty as a driving force of life.
~The Medici commissioned the "Birth of Venus." It belonged to Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de’ Medici, a cousin of Lorenzo the Magnificent.
~This painting was the first in Tuscany to be painted on canvas.
~Alabaster powder, used in the painting, make the colors brighter and longer lasting.
PRIMAVERA (BULLET POINTS)
~Botticelli painted Primavera between 1477 and 1482 for Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de’ Medici, a cousin of Lorenzo the Magnificent. The Medici was a very powerful Florentine banking family.
~The painting is set in the realm of Venus, sung by the ancient poets and by Poliziano (famous scholar at the court of the Medici).
~On the right, Zephyrus (blue faced man) chases Flora. He fecundates her with a breath and she turns into Spring (the woman scattering flowers).
~Venus, in the middle, is benevolence.
~On the left, the three Graces dance and the man in red, Mercury, dissipates the clouds.
~To the right of Venus is the material world and to her left is its spiritual values.
~Botticelli visually depicted the Neoplatonic concept of ideal beauty and absolute love.