Content vocabulary is not a fun thing to learn, and students struggle with it. Many students either don’t know how to study or simply refuse to do so, but they need to understand the vocabulary in order to fully understand satire.
Once you’ve taught the words, have your students play a few rounds of Satirical Charades and see how much better they do! My kids have really enjoyed playing this, and it really makes them go back into their notes to make sure they are acting it out properly.
PS - There are some other literary devices thrown in for good measure.