Here is a list of some of the most common prefixes and suffixes in Science. We use these in 5th-8th grade. We have our kids tape these into their science notebooks so that they may reference them at any time.
We also have begun picking a few (4-8) that are present in words in each Unit, and adding them to the vocabulary quiz for that unit.
During the Genetics unit, we used Pro-, Meta-, Telo-, and Ana- to help the kids recall the order of the phases of Mitosis/Meiosis. If they know what the prefix means, they can easily deduce what is happening during that phase.
Metric measurement prefixes (deci-, kilo- etc) are present as well.