Science Sub Plans - BIOLOGY BUNDLE - 35 Secondary Science Literacy Readings

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Sub plans for your biology class! This is perfect for no-prep sub days while also being great for adding enrichment and interest to your biology curriculum. This bundle provides you with 35 ARTICLES plus two bonus articles with questions and answers. This is a whole year's worth of science literacy activities and sub plans on current and engaging issues in biology (see the entire list of articles below). Each article is priced individually at $2.99, but each article costs only $2.09 in this bundle. Download this FREE ARTICLE to see if my articles meet your needs.

✿ If you're interested in my larger 50 Article Bundle which includes these 35 articles plus more on topics in ecology, chemistry and astronomy, then check out my Science Reading Articles MEGA Bundle - 50 Articles for 35% OFF. (You pay $1.94 per article instead of $2.99 per article)

Science articles make great sub plans and activities, but finding reliable and interesting science articles on the internet or in periodicals is very time consuming. Formatting online articles to fit a printed page can also be challenging and can often waste time and paper. Worst of all, it's often difficult to find articles that will engage your students. This is where these articles comes in!

Besides using these articles for sub plans, they also help promote science literacy which is emphasized in many curricula including NGSS and TEKS standards.

I have created a collection of professionally written and attractively designed articles that will grab your students' attention. Save time! These articles with questions give you no-prep, ready to go printables right at your fingertips. Answer keys are provided for each article. Each science reading article is 1 and 1/3rd pages of text with 2/3rd pages of questions. In total, only two pages to print (or one page double-sided) for each student.

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NUMEROUS USES:

The great thing about this article is that it can be used for a variety of assignments if not used for a sub plan. There is a call for increased science literacy in classes, and a push to make science relevant to students. Engaging science articles are a good way to meet these needs.

(1) No prep sub plans that are easy to hand out and collect.
(2) In school suspension plans that are handy for those unexpected times.
(3) Independent work for early finishers.
(4) No prep extra credit assignment.
(5) Homework assignment.
(6) Warm up work for the beginning of class.
(7) Assign at the beginning of the week and take up at the end.

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ALL 35 ARTICLES IN THIS BUNDLE:

Article #1 – Why We Love and Hate Spicy Foods
Students will learn about the science behind the feeling of spiciness, what chemical compound creates this sensation, the way spiciness is measured, why the desire to eat spicy foods evolved and how to cure the pain of overly spicy food.

Article #2 – Tears Tears Everywhere
Students will learn about the differences in the three types of tears humans produce, the composition of these tears and their different purposes.

Article #3 – Beyond the Appendix: Vestigial Structures
Students will learn about vestigial structures and about several different examples of human vestigial structures.

Article #5 – Cancer Sniffing Dogs
Students will learn how a sample of someone's breath can contain compounds released from cancer cells, how sensitive dogs are to scents, how dogs are trained to detect cancer compounds in samples of patients' breath and what other things a dog's sense of smell can be used for.

Article #6 – Hyponatremia: Death by Water Intoxication
Students will learn how water intoxication occurs as well as the symptoms of hyponatremia. They will also learn about who is most at risk for this condition and they will be given examples of people who have suffered from hyponatremia.

Article #7 – Body Fat: The Good, The Bad and the Ugly Truth
Students will learn about the different types of fat in the body, their functions and the issues that can arise when fat content in the body becomes imbalanced.

Article #8 – Photosynthetic Animals
Students will learn about two animals (green sea slug and yellow spotted salamander) that can photosynthesize due to symbiotic relationships with algae.

Article #11 – The Making of Human Hermaphrodites
Students will learn about human hermaphrodites, the etymology of the word hermaphrodite, the two major causes of human hermaphrodism (46XX/46XY chimeras, the SRY gene) and other organisms that are hermaphroditic.

Article #12 – Are Bed Bugs Keeping You Awake?
Students will learn about beg bugs, their physical and behavioral characteristics, how they reproduce, their effects on human hosts, why cases of infestation in developed countries has risen in the last few decades and what methods do and don't work in attempts to eradicate them.

Article #13 – Miraculous Medical Maggots
Students will learn about how maggot debridement therapy (MDT) is used to heal wounds and stave off infection, why the common green bottle fly larva is the maggot of choice, what type of wounds are best suited to MDT and the rise, fall and re-emergence of MDT as a popular medical treatment.

Article #14 – How Anabolic Steroids Work
Students will learn about how steroids build muscle by building proteins, preventing the breakdown of proteins and by activating satellite cells that help produce more and bigger muscle cells. Side effects of anabolic steroid use is also discussed.

Article #15 – The Science of Sleep
Students will learn the differences between REM and nonREM sleep, how much sleep is needed for individuals, why sleep is important, what happens when someone experiences sleep deprivation and insomnia and how other mammals exhibit different sleep patterns and habits when compared to us.

Article #16 – Parasites Create Zombie Snails
Students will learn about the L. paradoxum parasite that infects snails. The parasite takes over the snail's body and mind to turn it into an organism that will attract birds, the parasite's second host. This gruesome tale will enthrall your students and teach them about animal adaptations and parasitism at the same time.

Article #17 – Breathing and Peeing in Space
Students will learn about the challenges of supporting human life in a space craft. The focus will be on the technologies that are used to constantly supply the crew with oxygen and that help get rid of liquid and solid waste in a microgravity environment.

Article #19 – Immortal Cancer Cells
Students will learn about Henrietta Lacks and how cancer cells from her body, called HeLa cells, have been dividing for over six decades to produce immortal cell lines that have been used in medical and commercial research all over the world. Students will learn about the limits of cell division and how cancer cells circumvent these limits.

Article #21 – Sex Changing Fish
Students will learn about how some fish are able to change sex from male to female or from female to male. They will find out what type of reproductive advantages this gives the fish and what conditions trigger sex changes.

Article #22 – Fecal Transplants
Students will learn about how fecal microbiota transplants help treat intestinal diseases like C. diff infections. They will learn how the fecal transplant helps get rid of the infection, how fecal samples are obtained and how they are administered into the body.

Article #25 – The Science and Evolution of Human Skin Color
Students will learn about the pigment melanin, its function and how the skin produces and distributes this substance to produce different levels of skin pigmentation. They will also learn about albinism and about how changing environmental conditions and determine the level of skin pigmentation in evolving populations. Also discussed is the reason why women, in general, are less pigmented then men.

Article #26 – Tanning, UV Radiation and Skin Cancer
Students will learn about why tanning has become popular, the differences between UVA and UVB and how both cause a different type of tanning response in the skin and health consequences of each, and finally, students will learn about skin cancer with a focus on melanoma and risk factors for developing skin cancer.

Article #27 – Lobotomies: Who Needs All that Brain?
Students will learn about lobotomies, why they were used, how they were performed, the people who helped develop the procedure (António Egas Moniz, and Walter Freeman), the effect lobotomies had on patients and why the technique is no longer widely used to treat mental illnesses.

Article #29 – Antibiotics: Penicillin and Beyond
Students will learn about bactericidal vs. bacteriostatic antibiotics, narrow vs. broad spectrum antibiotics, what antibiotics are effective in treating, how penicillin was discovered by Alexander Fleming and how the misuse, overprescription and use of subtherapeutic antibiotics in livestock feed has contributed to the growing antibiotic resistance seen in bacteria. How antibiotic resistance develops is also discussed.

Article #30 – Addicted to Sugar
Students will learn about the health impacts of sugar, research showing that sugar can be more addictive than cocaine or heroine, the effect of sugar on the brain, how available sugar was to our ancestors, the effects of high-fructose corn syrup, an example of how hidden added sugars can be found in "healthy" meals and how to read food labels appropriately so that the sugar content can be better understood.

Article #32 – Is Life Better Without Pain?
Students will learn about the usefulness of pain to survival and about CIPA (congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis). They will learn about the difficulties people with CIPA face because they cannot feel pain, the different types of nociceptors (pain neurons) that exist in humans, how mutations in a gene destroys nociceptors in people with CIPA, the concerns parents need to have if their child has CIPA and how CIPA is genetically inherited.

Article #33 – Blood Doping: More Blood, More Medals
Students will learn about why athletes blood dope, the performance enhancement effects of blood doping, blood doping techniques like drugs that stimulate red blood cell production and blood transfusions that increase red blood cell counts immediately. As well they will learn about the effects of high altitude training on red blood cell production (which is a legal method of increasing red blood cell count) and about the World Anti-Drug Doping Agency's use of athlete biological passports to detect cheating.

Article #34 – Hello Gastric Bypass, Goodbye Stomach Students will learn about morbid obesity and the two main types of bariatric procedures (restrictive methods and malabsorptive methods) that are used to treat this condition. Gastric banding and gastric bypass are specifically examined. This is a great extension activity for classes studying the digestive system or nutrition.

Article #35 – An Athlete's Perfect Twitch Students will learn about slow twitch and fast twitch muscle fibers, how they create and use energy differently, how they respond to training and which types of sport each muscle fiber is best suited to helping an athlete excel at. For example, a greater ratio of slow twitch to fast twitch muscles fibers will help an athlete excel at endurance sports like marathons and long distance cycling.

Article #36 – The Curious Case of Caffeine
Students will learn about the mental and physical effects of caffeine on the body, how caffeine acts on the brain to increase neuronal activity which causes alertness, how caffeine triggers the fight or flight reflex and how tolerance and addiction occur with regular caffeine intake.

Article #41 – Natural Selection Explained
Students will learn about natural selection using specific examples. One example is the change in color of the peppered moth from its light colored form to its dark colored form. The other example is the dramatic change in the size of the giant insects of the prehistoric era to the much smaller ones we have today. Artificial selection is also discussed in contrast to natural selection.

Article #42 – The Evolution of Pretty Boys
Students will learn about sexual selection and how female mate choice has strongly influenced the physical and behavioral traits that have evolved in males. This is especially seen in bird populations like peafowls and birds of paradise where the males exhibit extraordinarily beautiful plumage and intricate and interesting courtship behaviors. Ronald Fishers "Fisherian runaway" hypothesis as well as other interesting evolutionary theories behind sexual selection are examined. Male competition using the example of elephant seal bulls is also discussed.

Article #43 – Living in Space Harms Your Body
Students will learn about the downsides of living in space. Time spent in weightless conditions lead to serious bone loss and almost immediate and severe muscle atrophy. It also leads to cardiac muscle weakening as well as damages the optic nerves. These and the other fascinating negative effects of space living are discussed.

Article #45 – Love and Cupid's Chemicals
Students will learn about the three scientifically recognized components of love: sex drive (libido), attraction and attachment. They will learn about what characterizes each stage and the major hormones involved in each stage. Some interesting studies are also discussed which examine how lowering certain hormones affect libido and attachment. This is a great article to use around Valentine's Day if you don't need to use it for a sub plan.

Article #46 – The Zika Virus Emerges
Students will learn about the Zika virus, where it first came from, where it's spreading to, how it is transmitted, and the symptoms it produces. Also discussed is the link between Zika and microcephaly (babies born with small heads) which is the major concern with the Zika outbreak, and the potential for Zika to turn into a pandemic.

Article #48 – The Science of Tattoos
Students will learn about the science of tattoos. They will learn how tattoos are applied, what makes them permanent, and how the immune system causes tattoos to fade. They will also read about how the immune system aids the laser tattoo removal procedure to help get rid of tattoo ink. The safety of tattoo inks is also discussed along with how they can be affected by MRIs.

Article #49 – Mitochondrial Eve
Students will learn about mitochondrial DNA and Mitochondrial Eve. Mitochondrial Eve is the most recent common ancestor of all modern anatomical humans. Students will read about how mitochondrial DNA has helped geneticists discover Mitochondrial Eve, about the research behind her discovery and about the implications of this research on the evolutionary origins of humans. Also discussed is how this data supports the Out of Africa theory of human migration and expansion.

Article #50 – Stem Cell Science
Students will learn about stem cells and stem cell research. They will read about the difference between embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells as well as understand the controversy over stem cell research. They will examine the difference between totipotent, pluripotent and multipotent stem cells. Lastly, they will read about the exciting advances in stem cell research opened up by the advent of IPSCs (induced pluripotent stem cells) which helps bypass many of the ethical issues in stem cell research.

BONUS: Article #51 – The Science of the Flu Shot
Students will learn about viruses, the types of viruses that cause the flu, how the immune system detects and remembers viruses, how vaccines like the flu shot work and how the flu shot vaccine is manufactured.

BONUS: Article #52 – Concussions in Sports
Students will learn how sports plays a role in concussions, the short-term and long-term symptoms of concussions, the difference between coup and contrecoup injuries in concussions and how repeated concussions can lead to various more serious disorders like CTE (chronic traumatic encephalopathy) as has been experienced by many professional football players and boxers.

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Copyright © 2016 Anh-Thi Tang (Tangstar Science)
All rights reserved by author.

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Total Pages
108
Answer Key
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Teaching Duration
1 Year

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Science Sub Plans - BIOLOGY BUNDLE - 35 Secondary Science
Science Sub Plans - BIOLOGY BUNDLE - 35 Secondary Science
Science Sub Plans - BIOLOGY BUNDLE - 35 Secondary Science
Science Sub Plans - BIOLOGY BUNDLE - 35 Secondary Science