Sculpture ~ Art History ~ 153 Slides ~ Modern Art ~ Floating Installation
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This is a very thorough presentation modern sculpture in art history. It is from the 20th and 21st Century.
Many of the backgrounds in these works were distracting so I removed most of the backgrounds by image editing them. In a few cases, the background actually added something to the work so I left it in OR it was just too difficult to remove. So most of the pieces are "floating" on the backdrop of the slide without anything else. I found it much easier to appreciate the pieces after I'd done that. This is a unique aspect to this sculptural presentation.
There are 20 slides for you to view in the pdf format. These slides will give you the best idea of the quality of this product.
Below are text excerpts from the show:
CLAES OLDENBURG & COOSJE VAN BRUGGEN
~Oldenburg is an American sculptor, best known for his public art installations which are huge replicas of everyday objects. From the early 1970s forward, he devoted himself to these public commissions.
~Another series is a soft sculpture version of everyday objects.
~Many of his works were made in collaboration with his wife, Coosje van Bruggen who died in 2009 after 32 years of marriage. van Bruggen was a curator at the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam before marrying Oldenburg.
~It is an ongoing job to get the art work correctly attributed between the two of them. The best assumption is that work from 1976 forward is probably both of theirs. That was the year they began to work together.
~Oldenburg’s father was a Swedish diplomat who was assigned to America. Thus, Oldenburg grew up in America, not Sweden. His education was all American at: Yale and The School of the Art Institute of Chicago.
~He became a naturalized American citizen in 1953. He grew up in Chicago but as an adult also moved to first, New York and then, L.A. The couple ended up in a chateau in the Loire Valley in their later years.
~Oldenburg's brother was Richard E. Oldenburg, director of the Museum of Modern Art, New York, between 1972 and 1993. He then became chairman of Sotheby's America.
~American Minimalist sculptor and conceptual artist.
~Universities: engineering and art at the University of Kansas; art at Kansas City Art Institute; philosophy at Reed College; master's degree art history, Hunter College.
~Began as a painter with heavy influence from abstract expressionists and Jackson Pollock.
~Branched out into performance art and then further branched out to conceptual art.
~As the years went on, he switched into and out of figurative work repeatedly.
~In 1974, Morris advertised his art at the Castelli Gallery with a poster showing him bare-chested in sadomasochistic garb (see previous slide). This led to his being pronounced as a theatrical artist.
~When architect Philip Johnson, did not pay Morris for his art work, Morris came up with the perfect answer as a conceptual artist. He drew up a certificate of deauthorization that officially withdrew all aesthetic content from his piece, making it nonexistent as art.
~in the 1960s and 1970s, Morris endured a lot of criticism from Clement Greenberg, the big New York art critic.
~also a good writer, in Morris's book, “Continuous Project Altered Daily: The Writings of Robert Morris,” he lampooned the criticism of his work published over the course of his career up to the early 1990s.
~British-Indian sculptor who began living in London during the early 1970s, when he studied art at the Hornsey College of Art and then at the Chelsea School of Art and Design. Found his role model at Hornsey in Paul Neagu, an artist who provided a meaning to what he was doing.
~represented UK in the Venice Biennale in 1990, when he was awarded the Premio Duemila Prize.
~won the Turner Prize in 1991 and in 2002 received the Unilever Commission for the Turbine Hall at Tate Modern.
~was Knighted in the 2013 Birthday Honours for services to visual arts. ~He was awarded an honorary doctorate degree from the University of Oxford in 2014.
~began with powder pigment as a form on the floor. Switched to trying other media and then in 1995 settled on the highly reflective surface of polished stainless steel.
~most prominent member of the Young British Artists (YBAs), who dominated UK art in the 1990s.
~internationally renowned and UK’s richest living artist at £215m net worth.
~was closely linked with the collector Charles Saatchi but relationship ended as they became fractious with one another. "I'm not Charles Saatchi's barrel-organ monkey ... He only recognises art with his wallet ... he believes he can affect art values with buying power, and he still believes he can do it."
~death is his central theme. He became famous using dead animals preserved in formaldehyde. Sometimes these creatures have also been dissected. He worked at a mortuary as a student, which influenced his theme and materials.
~from 1999 forward, Hirst has had a number of plagiarism suits brought against him, as many as 15.
~work is deeply controversial. On the negative side: Norman Tebbit, commented, ”Have they gone stark raving mad? The works of the 'artist' are lumps of dead animals.”
~a French-American artist. Best known for her large-scale sculpture and installation art.
~themes were domesticity and the family, sexuality and the body, and death and the unconscious. Her father’s constant philandering, especially with her nanny, fueled a lot of her interest in these themes.
~In 1930, Bourgeois entered the Sorbonne to study math
~when her mother died in 1932, she left math for art.
~she married American art professor Robert Goldwater (NYU) in 1938 and moved with him to New York. She began studying at the Art Students’ League.
~although she worked among the Abstract Expressionists, the Surrealists and the Feminist artists, she was not formally affiliated with any of them.
~when she was described as a feminist artist, she rejected the label yet all of her work was about women. By the 1970s, she was on the front lines. She joined the Fight Censorship Group, a feminist anti-censorship collective. It defended the use of sexual imagery in artwork.
~was also well known for her teaching and critiquing young artists throughout the area.
~she created artwork until her death, finishing her last pieces just the week before. She was 98.
~English sculptor best known for semi-abstract bronze sculptures which are located around the world.
~forms are abstractions of the human figure with preference for the female figure.
~forms contain hollow spaces and undulate.
~his sculptural forms undulate like the landscape of his birthplace, Yorkshire, with its hills and valleys.
~studied at both Leeds and Royal Art Colleges but was in frequent opposition to formal methods as he used direct carving, in which imperfections in the material and marks left by tools became part of the finished sculpture. His style became the modern one which took over in the years to come.
~a Toltec-Maya sculptural form, the “Chac Mool", which he saw at the Trocadero on a trip abroad, gave him the idea for the reclining figure, which was the major facet of his work.
~his work made him very wealthy but he spent very little and donated most of it to the Henry Moore Foundation, which continues to support education and promotion of the arts.
~American sculptor who invented the mobile, a moving sculpture with delicately suspended shapes that move in response to touch or air currents.
~also created high non-moving sculptures called stabiles and also produced wire figures.
~came from a family of artists. Both his father and grandfather were sculptors. His mother was a portrait painter.
~studied mechanical engineering in college and excelled at math.
~he turned to art shortly after graduation and ended up studying at the Art Students’ League in New York. But it was a visit to Piet Mondrian's studio which pushed him all the way into abstract art.
~in 1926, he began to make mechanical toys and then his miniature circus fashioned from wire, cloth, string, rubber, cork, and other found objects. The whole was designed to be transportable in five suitcases. ~This work led directly into his major artistic work for the rest of his life, beginning with kinetic sculptures, manipulated by means of cranks and motors.
~met and married Louisa James, grandniece of author Henry James and philosopher William James with whom he had two daughters.
~an American sculptor and landscape architect from the 1920s onward.
~while attending Columbia Medical School, his interest in art overcame his interest in medicine.
~won a Guggenheim Fellowship which led to his studying with Brancusi
~although he was drawn to abstract sculpture, he had to do portrait busts off an on for many years to support himself.
~ran into another significant roadblock with outbreak of WWII and suspicion of Japanese Americans.
~it was after WWII, when his career doing the kind of art he wanted to do, really took off. At that point his sculpture meshed with the ongoing surrealist movement so there was no longer opposition to his style.
~known for his sculpture but also designed stage sets for various Martha Graham productions plus lamps and furniture pieces, some of which are still being manufactured and sold.
~in 1947, Noguchi joined George Nelson, Paul László and Charles Eames to make a catalog containing modern furniture which is still considered ground breaking.