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Sentence Analogies Overview and Background
An analogy is a way of stating a comparative relationship between two sets of terms. A and B (of the first set) are related to each other in the same way that C and D (of the second set) are related to each other. An analogy is often represented as follows: A : B :: C : D. For example, the governor is the elected head of a state in the same way that the mayor is the elected head of a city. This comparison can be represented in this analogy: governor : state :: mayor : city.
Instructional Benefits of Analogies
• develops understanding of the nature of various kinds of relationships
• helps students identify and analyze relationships
• develops and refines students’ understanding of the specific vocabulary and concepts that are used in analogies
• develops critical thinking abilities in students
A good way to figure out the relationship in a given question is to make up a sentence that describes the relationship between the first two words. Then, try to use the same sentence to find out which of the answer choices completes the same relationship with the third word