With the Common Core's emphasis on pulling evidence from the text to support one's thinking, it's important to teach students how to "signal" the reader that evidence and explanation is coming in their writing.
This simple reference sheet discusses two ways students need to signal their readers: as a preface to evidence and to let the reader know that they are now going to explain how the evidence proves the point. Sentence starters for each kind of signal phrase are included, and a sample paragraph that demonstrates how to smoothly incorporate signal phrases is also on the reference sheet.
What you receive in this PDF file:
~ An 8.5 x 11 version that contains two pages (front and back). This is the size that you'll want if you plan to copy this for students to place in folders or binders, or perhaps at a center or even to enlarge as a poster!
~ A resized version that can print two copies of the chart on a single 8.5 x 11 sheet, which makes it an ideal size for using with interactive notebooks.
As my students work on argumentative paragraphs and essays, they keep a copy of this chart close by. It helps them to smoothly incorporate evidence and paves the way for their own explanations of how the evidence proves their point.