The Outdoor Lesson
: This product teaches students how to use properties of similar figures, the sun, shadows, and proportions, to determine the heights of outdoor objects via indirect measurement. It is one of several follow-on products to Ratios, Rates, and Proportions Galore!
. These products focus on real-world applications of ratios, rates, and proportions. They include Percent Proportions
, Dimensional (Unit) Analysis
, Similar Figures and Indirect Measurement - the Mirror Lesson
, and will soon be expanded to include discounts and markups and more!
In this real-world application of similar figures and proportions, the sun, shadows, and a meter stick are the only tools you need to conduct this outdoor lesson! This product includes:
Preparing for the Outdoor Lesson - Warmup Questions
: To prepare for the trip outdoors, you will first review ratio and proportion concepts via a series of “warm-up” questions (answer key provided). This product assumes the students have some prior knowledge of ratios and proportions, either through Ratios, Rates, and Proportions Galore or through some other means, but also offers this review before the students dive into similarity and indirect measurement.
Preparing for the Outdoor Lesson - Notes and Exploration
: This pictorially illustrated, guided note-taking activity immediately follows the warm-up activity. It provides a quick and meaningful way for the teacher to review the definition of and requirements for similarity, explain the concept of indirect measurement, and then show the students how to use similarity and shadows to indirectly calculate the heights of outside objects.
The Outdoor Lesson
: Having been thoroughly prepared, the students are now instructed to venture outside and take measurements of shadows, first of a student whose height will also be measured directly, then of a teacher-selected “Terrific Tree”, the “Patriotic Pole” (flagpole), and a third object determined by the teacher. Students work in groups to measure the shadows and draw pictures and fill in values on a pre-printed worksheet, then perform calculations to determine the approximate heights of the three outside objects.
The Outdoor Lesson – Follow-Up Questions
: Students are asked to think critically about their measurements and calculations, providing reasons why their estimated heights might be inaccurate, and analyzing the advantages and disadvantages of direct and indirect measurement. These questions provide input for the class discussion at the end of the outdoor lesson activities.
The Outdoor Lesson – Compilation of Class Data
: As a final step in exploring the wonders of indirect measurement, each group of students writes their estimated heights in a common table which allows the class to see the numbers from all groups simultaneously. The teacher then facilitates a class discussion regarding what the height estimates are, whether they are reasonable, what could have caused inaccuracies and inconsistencies in the estimates, and what could be done differently in future such experiments.
These activities work together, in a fun and meaningful way, to show the value and versatility of using properties of similar figures and proportions to solve real-world problems.
Good luck in your use of The Outdoor Lesson
In addition to the related products described above, feel free to check out a growing number of other products that use poetry, songs, games, worksheets, and assessments to make math fun and help students to learn a variety of common core math standards.
Click here to view Algebraic Equation Products
Click here to view Divisibility Rule Products
Click here to view Elementary to Middle School Transition Products
Click here to view Fraction Products
Click here to view Geometry Products
Click here to view Integer and Order of Operations Products
Click here to view Probability Products
Click here to view Ratio-Rate-Proportion Products
Click here to view Riddle Card Products that Help Retain Math Essentials
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